department heads. These items generally are
equipage-type items or specific equipment-related
consumables maintained under individual
department head custody. The nuclear weapons
segment of the COSAL also includes general-use
consumables for which backup material may be
stocked by the supply department when supply
department stowage space is adequate.
OPTAROperating Target. Obligational authority,
which is granted by type commanders to ships and
commands under his control, to cite his allotment
in procuring materials and services. Instructions
and limitations are provided by each type
ORDER AND SHIPPING TIMEThe elapsed time
between the submission of a requisition and the
receipt of the material requisitioned (equivalent to
procurement lead time).
OUTSTANDING REQUISITIONA requisition
for which not all requested material has been
PACKA container, bale, bundle, pallet, or other
similar medium that is of sufficient strength, to be
stored or shipped safely without additional
protection, usually the exterior shipping
PACKAGINGThe application of wrappings,
cushioning, and interior containers to an item,
depending on the type of load and level of
protection required. This does not include the
exterior shipping container. Packaging is used to
prevent loss or damage from physical hazards.
Afloat, items should be packaged individually,
limiting the weight to 20 pounds when possible.
PACKINGThe placement of unit and intermediate
containers into an exterior shipping container or
onto a pallet. Included is the necessary interior
blocking, bracing, and cushioning to prevent
physical damage or loss to the item and its
PALLETA low wooden or steel wire platform on
which unit loads can be loaded and moved by fork
trucks, cargo nets, or other materials-handling
PALLETIZINGThe placement of banding, when
necessary, on units or shipping containers of
material on pallets.
PARTIAL SHIPMENT CODEA code applied by
shipping activities that indicates the
transportation action which resulted in the release
of a shipment unit in more than one increment.
That is, the shipment unit exceeds the capacity of
a single conveyance or for some other reason must
be shipped in two or more conveyances by the
same or mixed modes.
PEACETIME OPERATING STOCK (POS)
ITEMSynonymous with the term demand-
based item. A term used by automated ships to
identify items that have a relatively high issue rate.
Normally, an item that has a demand frequency of
two or more in a period of 6 months and continues
to have at least one demand every 6 months
thereafter is a POS item. It is the equivalent
criteria of SIM items for nonautomated ships. The
quantity of a POS item is that portion of the
requisitioning objective that supplements the
allowance and/or load list quantity(ies). If a POS
item is not an allowance or load list item, the entire
quantity of the requisitioning objective is
considered to be POS. Semiannual review of
stock records for POS items is required for
recomputation of requisitioning objectives.
P O R T O F D E B A R K A T I O N ( P O D ) T h e
authorized point of entry into a foreign country or
P O R T O F E M B A R K A T I O N ( P O E ) T h e
authorized point of departure from a foreign
country or CONUS.
PRE-EXPENDED BIN (PEB) MATERIALSIM
items having a low unit cost ($25 or less) and
frequent usage. PEB items are expended from
supply department records and placed in locations
conveniently available to maintenance personnel.
PREEXPENDED MATERIALMaterial that has
been issued and expended from stock record
cards. A small stock is maintained by the using
department for general maintenance work.
PRESERVATIONThe application of appropriate
cleaning and drying methods, preservatives, and
PRIORITYA numerical designation, assigned to a
requisition by the requisitioner, which is used to
establish processing time for the requisition and
anticipate delivery time for the material.