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Materials Handling Aboard Ship
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Storekeeper 3 & 2 - Manual for watching over inventory and other things needed in a store
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Causes of Accidents
OPERATION  AND  MAINTENANCE  OF MATERIALS-HANDLING EQUIPMENT The  best  method  for  moving  stores  from  one location  to  another  depends  upon  such  factors  as: mechanical  equipment  available,  number  of  personnel available, distance of haul, terrain, required speed of discharge or loading, storage space available, traffic pattern, lighting (if at night), and commodities to be handled. Each problem will be different; however, with careful  planning  and  consideration  of  the  factors  that exist, workable solutions can usually be resolved. OPERATOR  QUALIFICATIONS In  order  for  you  to  operate  materials-handling equipment   (MHE),   you   must   possess   a   valid authorization from the ship or station to which you are assigned. Ships  and  stations  having  MHE  should  have  a training and qualifying program (not covered in this manual).  A  Storekeeper  should  seek  to  qualify  for operating  the  necessary  MHE  to  perform  the  job Successful  y. MAINTENANCE   RESPONSIBILITY On board ships, preventive maintenance service is performed  on  all  MHE  by  the  “A”  division  for mechanical functions and the “E” division for electrical functions.  Ashore,  these  responsibilities  rest  with  the public  works  department.  The  operator,  however,  also has  responsibilities. Included  with  the  operation  of  a  vehicle  are  certain inspections Required before starting the equipment. The driver’s  inspection  should  include  checking  lights, horn,  tire  pressure  (if  pneumatic),  oil,  gasoline,  battery, hydraulic fluid level. They should also ensure that the required  tools  and  safety  equipment  are  present  on  the vehicle.  An  authorized  mechanic  or  electrician  should be called to repair the equipment before further damage or an accident results if any defects are noted. SAFETY    PRECAUTIONS Safety   precautions   must   be   observed   in   any cargo-handling   operation   to   keep   accidents   to   a minimum. However,  cargo  handling  aboard  ship requires more rigid safety precautions. Warehouses and storage areas ashore are designed and arranged to provide   maximum   use   of   materials-handling equipment. This is not usually the case aboard ship. Working  space  is  much  more  confined,  the  use  of materials-handling equipment is limited. The ease, speed,  and  convenience  of  cargo  handling  was  not  the entire  consideration  when  designing  the  ship. Safety precautions are published separately for activities  ashore  and  for  forces  afloat.  Those  for activities  ashore  are  published  under  the  title  of Department  of  the  Navy  Safety  Precautions  for  Shore Activities. Safety precautions for forces afloat are issued by systems   commands,   bureaus,   and   offices   of   the Department of the Navy in the form of publications, pamphlets, periodicals, and directives. The Chief of Naval Operations publishes indexes of all Department of  the  Navy  safety  precautions  applicable  to  forces afloat. These indexes are issued as OPNAV notices with the subject classification number 5100. Safety precautions are something you either know and observe or you do not. There is no middle ground. You cannot learn or use them halfway. Human lives (yours  and  those  of  other  people  working  around  you) and   expensive   equipment   are   at   stake.   Safety precautions as discussed in this chapter apply not only to  the  workers  but  to  everybody  in  the  vicinity  of potential  danger. A  Storekeeper  should  be  aware  of  and  observe safety  precautions  at  all  times.  The  following  operating safety rules for materials-handling equipment should be observed: Spark-enclosed  or  explosion  proof  electric  (not gasoline-powered)  equipment  must  be  used  in areas  where  gases,  flammable  liquids,  and ordnance material are stored. Equipment  should  be  kept  free  of  excessive grease  accumulation  at  all  times. Special protective equipment should be used when   work   involves   explosives   and ammunition. Equipment  having  gas-filled  caps  with  special safety features and with fine mesh screening overexhaust  pipe  ends  should  be  used. Forklift  trucks  of  all  types  should  be  equipped with   an   overhead   safety   guard   or   steel. Exceptions   are   permissible   only   when   the overhead  safety  guard  either  would  increase  the overall height of the forklift truck or prevent the operator  from  having  freedom  of  movement. 13-14

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