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Figure 13-31.-Manual lifting.
Storekeeper 3 & 2 - Manual for watching over inventory and other things needed in a store
Safe Cargo-Handling Practices, Continued
become  potentially  dangerous  or  unusable  without showing   visible   evidence   of   damage.   If   in   doubt concerning damage to cargo or safety of equipment, report it to your immediate superior or the cargo officer. Inspection and maintenance of the pier or wharf are primarily  the  responsibility  of  the  shore  station. However,  such  defects  as  bad  flooring  should  be reported. In some cases, temporary repairs must be made to make cargo operations safe. People  may  try  to  use  faulty  or  incorrect cargo-handling equipment and injure themselves or others. Many   accidents   are   caused   by   pure carelessness. The human factor is always present in accidents, but it can be partially overcome by Thorough training in the use of cargohandling equipment Instruction in safety —Safety  precautions  to  observe —Penalties  for  violations  of  prescribed  safety measures Alert  supervision The following is a guide you may use in discharging your  responsibility  as  a  supervisor. Tell and demonstrate how to work safely. Never permit personnel to stand or work under suspended   slingloads. Tell and demonstrate how to grip slings and bridles. See that personnel stand out of the bight, and clear of the throw of the block and hook when using a bull line to move cargo. Show  personnel  how  to  break  down  or  build piles of Slingloads and safely break out and stow cargo. Show your crew how to lift properly. See that your crew does not enter dark places (holds, decks, or compartments) without a light. Discourage  the  wearing  of  rings,  gauntlet-type gloves, and trousers with legs so long that they are tripping hazards. Ensure  that  your  crew  wears  safety  shoes  and helmets while handling cargo. Do not permit the use of holders in the square of the hatch when the hoist is moving. Ensure  your  crew’s  alertness.  Have  the  hold crew  take  occasional  breaks  topside  for  fresh  air if  necessary. Know  where  to  obtain  suitable  antislip  material if  the  need  should  arise. Know what to do in case of injuries. Know  the  location  of  fire  axes,  hose,  and  other firefighting  equipment. Know how to remove personnel quickly from the hold should a fire develop or they require medical  attention. Observe your crew and ensure that they work in a safe manner. Do  not  block  passageways  or  openings  (doors, hatches, etc.) with cargo, hatch beams, or other material, without  permission  from  the  responsible  head  of department. If a passage must be blocked off, do it in a manner which will enable personnel to regain quick access. The  need  for  speed  in  emergency  situations  or during  underway  replenishment  may  outweigh  the value of some safety precautions that would ordinarily be taken. However, do not suspend a safety practice unless the degree of urgency warrants it. In all decisions affecting safety, during usual or unusual conditions, there is no substitute for good judgment and experience. SAFE CARGO-HANDLING PRACTICES The  following  list  of  safety  precautions  should  be observed by all cargo handlers. Wear  safety  shoes  and  helmets. Do not wear rings. Use  the  accommodation  ladder  or  brow  for boarding or leaving the ship. Use the ladders in the square of the hatch only when hoist is not in motion. Use the walkway on ship’s side away from the side on which cargo is being worked. Secure   all   lashings   to   permanent   deck fastenings. Never depend on movable objects lying on deck (dunnage, hatch covers, etc.). Secure  hatch  rollers  properly. Lower  blocks,  crowbars,  slings,  bridles,  and other objects into the hold by cargo falls or other lines.  Do  not  drop  or  threw. 13-18

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