become potentially dangerous or unusable without
showing visible evidence of damage. If in doubt
concerning damage to cargo or safety of equipment,
report it to your immediate superior or the cargo officer.
Inspection and maintenance of the pier or wharf are
primarily the responsibility of the shore station.
However, such defects as bad flooring should be
reported. In some cases, temporary repairs must be
made to make cargo operations safe.
People may try to use faulty or incorrect
cargo-handling equipment and injure themselves or
Many accidents are caused by pure
carelessness. The human factor is always present in
accidents, but it can be partially overcome by
Thorough training in the use of cargohandling
Instruction in safety
Safety precautions to observe
Penalties for violations of prescribed safety
The following is a guide you may use in discharging
your responsibility as a supervisor.
Tell and demonstrate how to work safely.
Never permit personnel to stand or work under
Tell and demonstrate how to grip slings and
See that personnel stand out of the bight, and
clear of the throw of the block and hook when
using a bull line to move cargo.
Show personnel how to break down or build
piles of Slingloads and safely break out and stow
Show your crew how to lift properly.
See that your crew does not enter dark places
(holds, decks, or compartments) without a light.
Discourage the wearing of rings, gauntlet-type
gloves, and trousers with legs so long that they
are tripping hazards.
Ensure that your crew wears safety shoes and
helmets while handling cargo.
Do not permit the use of holders in the square of
the hatch when the hoist is moving.
Ensure your crews alertness. Have the hold
crew take occasional breaks topside for fresh air
Know where to obtain suitable antislip material
if the need should arise.
Know what to do in case of injuries.
Know the location of fire axes, hose, and other
Know how to remove personnel quickly from
the hold should a fire develop or they require
Observe your crew and ensure that they work in
a safe manner.
Do not block passageways or openings (doors,
hatches, etc.) with cargo, hatch beams, or other material,
without permission from the responsible head of
department. If a passage must be blocked off, do it in a
manner which will enable personnel to regain quick
The need for speed in emergency situations or
during underway replenishment may outweigh the
value of some safety precautions that would ordinarily
be taken. However, do not suspend a safety practice
unless the degree of urgency warrants it. In all decisions
affecting safety, during usual or unusual conditions,
there is no substitute for good judgment and experience.
The following list of safety precautions should be
observed by all cargo handlers.
Wear safety shoes and helmets.
Do not wear rings.
Use the accommodation ladder or brow for
boarding or leaving the ship.
Use the ladders in the square of the hatch only
when hoist is not in motion.
Use the walkway on ships side away from the
side on which cargo is being worked.
Secure all lashings to permanent deck
fastenings. Never depend on movable objects
lying on deck (dunnage, hatch covers, etc.).
Secure hatch rollers properly.
Lower blocks, crowbars, slings, bridles, and
other objects into the hold by cargo falls or other
lines. Do not drop or threw.