manpower that in reality are applicable only to
personnel. For example, funded billets or funded MPAs
suggest that an authorization and an appropriation have
been obtained for the billets. Lacking out year
requirements, it is useful to assume equality between
future MPAs and personnel and take actions to manage
personnel to the level of these authorizations. As out
year requirements are developed, these should become
the planning goals.
NAVY MANPOWER MOBILIZATION
The Navy manpower mobilization system
(NMMOS) is a manpower requirements determination
process that identifies the wartime manpower require-
ments for a shore/support activity. It determines the
minimum quantity, quality, and time-phasing of
required manpower over the mobilization planning
period (Mobilization-day [M-day] through M+12
months). NMMOS is maintained and operated by the
Navy Manpower and Material Analysis Center
The scheduling or time-phasing of manpower is
determined by the activitys projected workload at
various times during the mobilization planning period
and is normally described in a logistics support
mobilization plan (LSMP). If no measurable workload
is available, manpower mobilization requirements are
analytically derived. Manpower claimants, with the
concurrence of the resource sponsor(s), define the
operating environment and time-phasing of work
functions. NAVMAC determines/validates quality,
quantity, and time-phasing of required mobilization
Reserve requirements determination (RRD)
separates types of military manpower such as active
duty, Selected Reserve (SELRES), or other military
(reassigned active Individual Ready Reserve [IRR],
Standby Reserve, Fleet Reserve, and retired personnel).
A manpower mobilization requirement may be
designated SELRES if it meets all the following criteria:
The position is military essential.
Manpower is required within M+10 days.
Premobilization training is required.
Other manpower mobilization requirements at
M-day, M+30 days, M+60 days, M+90 days, M+120
days, or M+180 days may be designated as other
military (OM), These manpower requirements are
resourced from reassigned active, IRR, Standby
Reserve, Fleet Reserve, and/or retired personnel.
In planning mobilization requirements, the
following requirements should be observed:
. Manpower documents should show efficient use
and assignment of manpower.
. AU combat forces should attain organizational
manning by M+1 month. Support activities should attain
organizational manning by M+3 months.
. The full mobilization of combat forces (active
and Reserve) with supporting assets constitutes full
mobilization. For planning purposes, this level of
manpower mobilization requirements is attained at M+3
l To go beyond full mobilization into building or
creating additional force units is defined as total
mobilization. The buildup from full mobilization into
total mobilization is shown at M+12 months. Due to
extensive buildup for new construction, ships, and
aircraft, M+12 is an extension of M+6 and represents
manpower required for increased training and other
Time-phasing is both a practical necessity and a
convenient management tool. Time-phasing spreads
manpower requirements across the mobilization
planning period. The demand for manpower will vary
with billet priority (necessity) and system constraints
such as administrative processing, personnel berthing,
messing, and transportation (capacity).
A number of officials have responsibilities in
connection with MPAs and the manning of activities.
Here we discuss some of their more important duties.