. Individuals may not have possession of classified
information unless they have the necessary clearance
and a need for the information in the performance of
l Individuals must be made keenly aware of their
moral and legal responsibility y for any classified material
or Information they may have in their possession.
Individuals are required to make sure such material or
information is given the degree of protection that it
. Individuals must be made aware of the possibility
of espionage and subversion attempts and the defensive
steps that they must take against such attempts.
. Personnel must not discuss classified informa-
tion on the telephone.
Supervisors must make sure subordinates know the
security requirements. Supervision of the on-the-job
training process is critical. Leaving subordinates to learn
by trial and error is costly to security, and so is assuming
they know how classified information is to be protected.
Compromise reports often reveal that fault lies with the
supervisor who negligently or incorrectly assumed that
subordinates knew what they were supposed to do.
Examples include sending people on burn (destruction)
detail without instructing them on proper destruction
methods; assigning people to mail rooms without
training them in preparation and transmission of
classified material; or designating Top Secret control
officers without reviewing control requirements.
Once a year, all personnel who have access to
classified information must receive a refresher briefing
or equivalent training by supervisory personnel
designed to enhance security awareness. The annual
refresher briefing or equivalent training may be
addressed to the entire command on general security
matters, changes in policies, or procedures. It is unlikely
that it will be possible to schedule everyone in the
command at the same time. The refresher briefing will
probably be more effective if it is tailored for a particular
group. For example, brief those who are most likely to
travel on command business. For clerical personnel,
concentrate on the preparation of classified material.
People who draft classified documents should be briefed
on procedures for classifying and marking material.
Once every 2 years, personnel who have access to
material classified Secret or above must be given a
counterespionage briefing by a Naval Investigative
Service (NIS) agent. The security manager is
responsible for arranging for the briefing with the local
NIS office. A list of NIS components are listed in
OPNAVINST 5510.1H appendixes.
A special briefing covers a specific topic or problem
and is given to a designated group. This type of briefing
is often longer and more detailed than most other
briefings. Special briefings are used to acquaint
personnel with particular enemy capability. Some
examples of such briefings are as follows:
Foreign travel briefing
Single-integrated operational plan extremely
sensitive information (SIOP-ESI)
Sensitive compartmented information (SCI)
Foreign Travel Briefings
Sometimes individuals are required to travel
through certain foreign countries or when represen-
tatives of certain foreign countries are expected to
participate in a meeting, the commanding officer must
make sure the individual who is going to travel
undergoes a defensive foreign travel briefing.
Individuals who frequently travel (more than once a
month) or attend meetings or host meetings for foreign
visitors need not be briefed at each occasion. However,
such individuals must be provided a thorough briefing
at least once every 6 months and a general reminder of
security responsibilities before each such activity.
Individuals intending cruises on Soviet ships, which
have recently become available, also require this
precautionary briefing. In the interest of national
security, and when deemed appropriate by the
commanding officer, dependents may also be provided
with the same briefing. It should place special emphasis
on the various areas of interest to hostile intelligence
services, the techniques used by these services, and on
the nature of conduct or activity that could place a
person in a compromising situation.
When the individual returns, he or she must be
debriefed to provide the opportunity to report any