application, or evaluation.
Use the following guidelines when writing the true-false test item.
True-False Test Item Format
The true-false item format is straightforward. Write the stem as a direct statement and label
the two alternatives true or false.
EXAMPLE: (TRUE/FALSE) When placing the CA in stowage, you must
make sure the CA temperature is normal before securing heater
True-False Test Item Construction
Observe the following rules for constructing true-false items:
n Include all relevant information and conditions required for the students to correctly
answer the item in the descriptive statement.
n Make the statement concise and clear.
Make sure the proposition that makes the
statement true or false is evident.
n Make sure the statement is clearly true or false.
n Place the TRUE/FALSE identification before the item.
n When possible, make a false statement consistent with a typical misconception.
n Do not use specific determiners (e.g., always, never, none, all, may, sometimes).
n Keep items short. Long items are harder to read and more difficult to judge true or false.
n When possible, use positive statements to minimize confusion.
n Do NOT lift test items verbatim from the curriculum.
MATCHING TEST ITEM DEVELOPMENT
The standard matching format consists of two lists containing related words, phrases, or
symbols. Students must match elements on one list with associated elements on the other list
based on specific instructions. Students pair the elements in each list and record the answer.
Matching test items are ideally suited for testing recognition but may also test comprehension
Test Item Format
The matching test item consists of a stem and two columns listed below the stem. The stem
provides directions on how the student must match the items in the two columns. One column
contains the questions or problems to be answered and the other column consists of the answers.