students must write a computational equation, define terms, list part names and functions, and
the like. The disadvantage is that it is more difficult to score and must be accompanied by
Test Item Format
You can construct completion items using three basic formats:
n Students supply the word or phrase that completes the statement.
EXAMPLE: The station clock and time display tests check the performance of the
individual stages of the register designated . . .
n The student provides a definition, term, formula or similar response to a question.
EXAMPLE: What is the name of the unit that detects angular motion and supplies an
output through precession?
n The student supplies a list of procedures, steps, and so forth, from memory. This type of
test item may be expressed in question or statement form.
EXAMPLE OF STATEMENT FORM: In the space below, list in order the steps for
placing the GA in stowage.
EXAMPLE OF A QUESTION FORM: What are the steps for performing a MARDAN
Test Item Construction
Use the following guidelines when constructing completion items:
n Word the test item clearly and comprehensively enough to allow a student who is
knowledgeable in the subject area to answer correctly.
n Make sure the missing segment of the incomplete statement item is important, such as a
key element of a process or a piece of equipment.
n In incomplete statement items, do not omit too many words or the statement will become
unclear and force students to guess.
n In incomplete statements, make sure the response position appears near or at the end of
the stem. Items with the response position near the beginning are harder to read and take
longer to answer.
n Provide sufficient space on the answer sheet for students to enter their response.
n Use a direct question to test for comprehension of technical terms or knowledge of