circuit television (CCTV) system.
Since the lecture method depends primarily on student listening and note-taking skills for the
transfer of learning, you must have effective speaking skills. Your speaking skills can help you
overcome some of the major shortcomings of no active student participation.
In preparing to deliver a lecture, set clear-cut goals and objectives. Make sure you have an
in-depth knowledge of the subject matter, and find realistic examples and analogies to use with
your explanations. As with any presentation, apply the laws of learning in your preparation and
Remember, the only feedback you will get is the nonverbal communications from your
audience, if you can see them. Since your audience will quickly get bored with no active part
in the instruction, your lecture should last no more than 30 minutes. Lectures should be short,
well organized, and to the point.
LECTURE WITH AUDIOVISUALS
A lecture with audiovisuals includes visual and/or audio aids. Navy training frequently uses
this instructional method of presenting information, concepts, and principles. As you learned
in the Principles of Learning topic, most learning takes place through the sense of sight. It
follows then that all students must be able to see the visuals being used, which will limit class
The visual aids you use can reduce the amount of explanation time required for students to
grasp concepts, structures, and relationships.
You simply cannot get some ideas across to
students without the use of visual aids. For example, think how difficult an explanation of the
operation of the internal combustion engine would be without the use of visual aids.
When you use the lecture with audiovisuals, you must prepare properly. That includes
practicing with the actual visual aids in the place you will be using them. Plan your timing of
the use of visual aids to keep the students attention and to stress important points. Since your
explanation of the visual aids will require you to use effective instructor techniques, decide which
ones you will use. Then mentally rehearse those techniques and practice using the visual aids
until you can present your lecture smoothly.
The most often used method of classroom instruction within Navy training is the lesson
method. The lesson method is interactive in nature. This method not only includes audio/visual
aids, it involves the use of two-way communication. The lesson method involves exactly what
its name implies--teaching a lesson; and teaching a lesson involves much more than just
presenting information. When using the lesson method, you will follow a lesson plan written
by curriculum developers. You will incorporate questions into your lesson to encourage student
thinking and check for understanding throughout the lesson. Even though you have a lesson
plan, you must anticipate student questions.
That means you must have a thorough