Types of Storage Facilities Ashore
OPEN STORAGE SPACES.--The open storage
spaces are improved or unimproved open areas used
The following paragraphs describe the general
for storage purposes.
functions of the most common types of storage
The open improved storage spaces include graded
facilities used by the Department of Defense.
spaces or areas and areas surfaced with concrete, tar or
COVERED STORAGE SPACE.--The covered
asphalt, gravel, or other suitable topping. The Navy
uses these spaces for storing certain materials
storage space is storage space within any roofed
invulnerable to damage by adverse weather conditions.
structure. This class includes various structure types.
Only those types that are of significance to the SK are
Open unimproved storage spaces are nonsurfaced
discussed here. They are general-purpose warehouses,
o p e n a r e a s u s e d f o r s t o r a g e . T h e s i g n i fi c a n t
refrigerated warehouses, flammable storage
disadvantage of this type storage is the limitation on
warehouses, and sheds.
the use of material handling equipment.
The general-purpose warehouse has a roof, side
Types of Storage Facilities Afloat
walls, and end walls. This type of warehouse may have
a heating unit installed. The Navy uses this type of
There are several types of storerooms afloat. In
warehouse for various storage functions. The building
most ships, the general stores (S-1) and aviation stores
may be single or multistory, although the single-story
(S-6) divisions use the same spaces to store material
building has become the standard warehouse. The
common to both. Storage locations of material
location of office space in this type of warehouse may
specifically used by the ship are in spaces assigned to
be within the building or outside of the warehouse. In
the S-1 division. Aviation items are stored in spaces
either case, the location of the office space is on the
assigned to the S-6 division.
same side of the warehouse as the truck docks.
The main issue storeroom is the space set by the
Normally, two main aisles run the length of the
supply officer as the central distribution point for the
warehouse. This is to allow material handling equip
general stores division. Generally, this space is the
most accessible of all stock stowage spaces when
mentor supplies to move straight through the length of
watertight integrity restrictions are in effect. This
the warehouse. Typically, cross aisles connect the main
storeroom contains a locator system either in manual
aisles. The functions found in the general-purpose
or automated format. All receipt and expenditure
wa r e h o u s e i n c l u d e r e t a i l i s s u e s , bu l k s t o r a g e ,
documents normally channels through the main issue
receiving, shipping, preservation, security areas, and
The bulk storerooms are spaces used for storing
The refrigerated warehouse outwardly resembles a
wholesale quantities of small items and heavy and
general-purpose warehouse, although it is usually
smaller. This warehouse is usually in two separate
parts. One part is a chill space with controlled
The repair parts storerooms are spaces used for
stowage of all repair parts. The only exceptions are
temperatures between 36°F and 46°F. The other part is
t h o s e bu l k h e a d - m o u n t e d s p a r e s a n d m a t e r i a l
a freeze space that allows control of the temperature
authorized for stowage in other departments. Repair
below 32°F. Because the chill and freeze spaces divide
parts storerooms contain stowage aids, such as bins,
the refrigerated warehouse, there are no main aisles
drawers, shelves, racks, and cabinets used for stowing
that run the length of the entire warehouse.
m a t e r i a l . M a t e r i a l n e e d e d t o s u p p o r t av i a t i o n
The flammable storage warehouse is built of
maintenance is stored in the maintenance support
noncombustible material and has fire walls with a
package (MSP) storeroom under the S-6 division.
Aviation repairable parts are stored in separate
protection comes from an alarm and automatic
storerooms in the S-6 division.
The flammable liquid storeroom can beat either
Sheds are buildings without complete sides and
end of the ship, below the full load waterline. This
end walls. The Navy uses sheds for storing materials
space must be as far away as possible from the
that require maximum ventilation or materials that do
magazines. This storeroom must have automatic fire
not require complete protection from the weather.
alarm and fire extinguishing equipment (Co2 or