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Glossary -Continued: Brow -Collision Bulkhead
BERTH  —(1)  Bunk.  (2)  Duty  assignment. (3)  Mooring  space  assigned  to  a  ship. BIGHT —The middle part of a line, or a loop in a line. BILGE —(1)  Bottom  of  the  hull  near  the  keel. (2) To fail an examination. (3) Bilge water is foul water, so to apply that term to something implies it is worthless. BILGE KEEL — A keel attached to the outside of  a  ship’s  hull,  near  the  turn  of  the  bilge,  to reduce  rolling. BILLET  —Place  or  duty  to  which  one  is assigned. BINNACLE  —Stand  containing  a  magnetic compass. BINNACLE LIST  —List of persons excused from  duty  because  of  illness. BITT —Cylindrical  upright  fixture  to  which mooring or towing lines are secured aboard ship. BITTER  END  —The free end of a line. BLOCK —A frame containing a pulley, called a sheave, around which a line (known as a fall) is attached. BLOCK AND TACKLE  —See  Purchase. BOARD  —(1)  The  act  of  going  aboard vessel.   (2)   A   group   of   persons   meeting   for specific  purpose,  as  an  investigation  board. a a BOAT  —A   small   craft   capable   of   being carried  aboard  a  ship. BOAT  BOOM  —A spar rigged out from the side  of  an  anchored  or  moored  ship  to  which  boats are tied when not in use. BOAT  FALLS   —Tackle  used  to  hoist  and lower  a  boat  in  davits. BOATHOOK  —A staff having a hook at one end. Used for fending a boat off, hooking a line, etc. BOATSWAIN’S CHAIR —A seat attached to a  gantline  for  hoisting  a  person  aloft. BOATSWAIN’S LOCKER  —A   compartment, usually forward, where line and other equipment used  by  the  deck  force  are  stowed. BOLLARD   —A  strong,  cylindrical  upright fixture on a pier to which a ship’s mooring lines are secured. BOOM  —A   spar   used   for   hoisting   loads; usually  movable. BOOT TOPPING —Black paint applied to a ship’s  sides  along  the  waterline. BOW  —The  forward  end  of  a  ship  or  boat. BOW  HOOK   —Member  of  a  boat’s  crew whose  station  is  forward. BREAK OFF  —To walk away with a line or run a line in, let go, return to the point from which the line is being hauled, take a new hold, and walk away  again. BREAK  OUT   —To  bring  out  supplies  or equipment  from  a  storage  space. BREAST LINE  —Mooring line leading from the  ship  to  the  pier  at  right  angles  to  the  ship. BRIDGE  —Area  in  the  superstructure  from which  a  ship  is  operated.  See  Conn. BRIDLE —A span of rope, chain, or wire with both  ends  secured  and  the  strain  taken  on  the midpart. BRIG —Naval term for jail. BROACH  TO  —To  get  crosswise  (without power)  to  the  direction  of  wave  travel;  particularly dangerous  near  a  beach. BROAD  —Wide, as  broad  in  the  beam. BROAD ON THE BOW  —Halfway  between dead  ahead  and  abeam. BROAD  ON  THE  QUARTER  —Halfway between  abeam  and  astern. BROADSIDE —(1) The act of firing all main battery guns to one side at once. (2) Sidewise, as “The  current  carried  the  ship  broadside  toward the   beach.”   Broadside   to   is  to  have  the  side toward   something,   as   “The   ship   hit   the   pier broadside   to.” AI-3

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