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Glossary -Continued: Party - Ride
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Glossary -Continued: Shift - Squadron
RIDING LIGHT —Light required to be shown by  a  vessel  at  anchor. RIG —To set up any device or equipment, as rig a stage over the side. RIGGING  —Wires,  ropes,  and  other  lines used to support masts and other topside structures and to maneuver cargo. Standing rigging is used to  support  a  ship’s  masts;  running  rigging  is used  to  hoist  or  otherwise  move  equipment. RISER —A pipe leading from the firemain to fireplugs  on  upper  deck  levels. ROLLER  CHOCK  —A  mooring  chock  that contains  a  roller  for  reducing  friction. ROPE —General reference to both fiber and wire rope. Fiber rope usually is referred to as line; wire rope is called rope, wire rope, or just wire. ROPE  YARN  SUNDAY  —Free  time  given during a workday (usually an afternoon) to allow personnel  to  take  care  of  personal  business. RUDDER —Device attached to a ship’s stern that  controls  the  ship’s  direction  of  travel. RUNNER —A  purchase  containing  one  single- sheave  movable  block. RUNNING BOWLINE —A slipknot made by tying a small bowline around a line’s own standing part. RUNNING  LIGHTS  —Navigational   lights required to be shown at night by a vessel under way. SACK —Bunk. SCUPPER —The waterway along the gunwales. SCUTTLE —(1)  Round,  watertight  opening  in a  hatch.  (2)  The  act  of  deliberately  sinking  a vessel. SCUTTLEBUTT   —(1)  Originally  a  ship’s water  barrel  (called  a  butt),  which  was  tapped (scuttled) by the insertion of a spigot from which the crew drew their drinking water; now applied to any drinking fountain. (2) In the old days the scuttlebutt was a place for personnel to exchange views  and  news  when  they  gathered  to  draw  their water; hence, the term  scuttlebutt is applied to any rumor. SEA —(1) The ocean in general. (2) The overall undulations of the surface; individually they are called waves, but as a whole they are referred to as seas. A ship takes a big  sea, not a wave, over the  bow. SEA ANCHOR —A device streamed from the bow  of  a  vessel  for  the  purpose  of  holding  it end-on  to  the  sea. SEAMANSHIP  —(1)  The  art  or  skill  of handling  a  vessel.  (2)  Skill  in  the  use  of  deck equipment, boat handling, and the care and use of  line  and  wire. SEAWORTHY  —A  vessel  capable  of  with- standing  normal  heavy  weather. SECOND DECK  —First  complete  deck  below the  main  deck. SECURE  —(1) To make fast, as to  secure  a line to a cleat, (2) To cease, as to secure from fire drill. SERVICE  FORCE  —The  organization  pro- viding  logistic  support  to  the  combatant  forces. SET —The direction toward which a ship is pushed  by  the  effects  of  wind  and  current.  See Drift. SET  UP  —To   tighten   up,   with   particular reference  to  dogs  and  turnbuckles. SHAKE A LEG —An admonishment to move faster. SHAKE DOWN —The training of a new crew to  develop  efficiency  in  operating  a  ship. SHEAVE  —Pulley  in  a  block  around  which the  fall  (line)  runs. SHEER STRAKE  —The  uppermost  strake  in a  ship’s  side  plating. SHEET BEND —Same as Becket Bend. SHELL —A vessel’s hull plating from the keel to  the  main  deck;  also  called  skin. SHELLBACK —A person who has crossed the equator. AI-12

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