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Appendix II Naval Terms and Customs: Anchor Watch - Bells
THWART —Plank set athwartships just below the gunwales in an open boat; acts as a seat and provides  support  to  the  sides. TOPSIDE   —Generally  refers  to  weather decks. TRANSVERSE FRAME —Structural  member that extends outward from the keel and upward to  the  main  deck. TRICE UP —To secure bunks by hauling them up and hanging them off (securing them) on their chains. TRUNK  —The  uppermost  tip  of  a  mast. TURNBUCKLE   —Device  for  setting  up  a tension, as in a lifeline, by turning a buckle into which  two  eyebolts  are  threaded. TURN  OF  THE  BILGE  —Where  the  side meets  the  bottom. TURN  IN  —(1)  Retire  to  bed.  (2)  Return articles  to  the  issue  room. TURN  OUT  —(1)  Get  out  of  bed.  (2)  Order out a working party or other groups, as to  turn out the  guard. TURN TO —Start  working. UP  ALL  LATE  BUNKS  —An order to per- sonnel  entitled  to  sleep  after  reveille  to  get  up. UPPER  DECK  —The  first  deck  above  the main  deck. VEER —(1) To allow a line, wire, or chain to run out by its own weight. (2) To swerve. (3) Act of  the  wind  in  changing  direction  clockwise. VOID —An empty tank. WAIST —The amidships section of the main deck. WAKE  —Trail  left  by  a  vessel,  or  other object,  moving  through  the  water. WARDROOM  —Officers’  messing  compart- ment. WATCH  —(1)  One  of  the  periods  (usually 4  hours)  into  which  a  day  is  divided.  (2)  A particular duty, as lifebuoy  watch. (3) The act of a buoy or other marker in indicating the position of  a  sunken  object. WATERTIGHT  INTEGRITY  —A  ship’s  degree of  resistance  to  flooding. WAY  —(1)  Horizontal  motion  of  a  floating body. (2) Launching track in a shipbuilding yard. WEATHER DECK  —Any  deck  exposed  to  the elements. WET  DOCK  —A  basin  formed,  by  the  con- struction   of   barriers   with   gates,   in   a   harbor of  great  tidal  ranges  to  prevent  ships  from being   stranded   during   low   tides.   Ships   enter the  basin  at  high  tide,  the  gates  are  closed, and the water is retained in the basin when the tide  ebbs. WHARF —Similar to a quay, but constructed in  the  fashion  of  a  pier. WHIPPING —Binding on the end of a line or wire  to  prevent  unraveling. WILDCAT   —That  portion  of  a  windlass which  engages  the  links  of  the  anchor  chain  so that  the  anchor  can  be  heaved  in. WINDWARD   —Toward  the  direction  from which  the  wind  is  blowing. YARD  —Spar  set  athwartships  across  the upper  part  of  a  mast. YARDARM  —The  port  or  starboard  half  of the  horizontal  crosspiece  of  the  mast  that  is  either the  port  or  starboard  yardarm. YAW —The act of a vessel when its heading is  thrown  wide  of  its  course  by  a  force  from astern,  such  as  a  heavy  following  sea. AI-15

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