identification, but do not delay the report. Include in
the initial report:
1. WHAT YOU SEE: Describe the contact quickly
and briefly. Name the type or class of ship or aircraft
if you recognize it; otherwise, simply report ship,
plane, and so forth.
2. BEARING: Always report contacts in relative
bearings. These are given as three digits, spoken digit
3. RANGE: Ranges are reported in yards/miles
and spoken digit by digit, except that multiples of
hundreds and thousands are spoken as such.
4. TARGET ANGLE: Report target angle on all
ships. It will be given in three digits, spoken digit by
5. POSITION ANGLE: Report position angle on
all aircraft. It will be given in one or two digits, spoken
as a whole, not digit by digit.
6. MOVEMENT: Report whether the contact is
moving from right to left, left to right, opening,
closing, paralleling, high speed, slow speed, dead in
the water, and so forth.
The direction of an object from a ship is called the
bearing. Bearing is measured in degrees clockwise
around a circle, from 000° to 360°. Relative bearings
have the ship's bow as a reference point; true bearings
use true, or geographic north, as a reference point;