- WHEN should the required work be done? Give specific periods in the class schedule,
a specified time limit, or a specific date for work completion.
- WHERE should the required work be done? Tell students whether it is to be done in
classroom, workshop, laboratory, or operating space.
- HOW should the required work be done? Explain the procedures to follow as well as
the style of work, degree of neatness, or degree of proficiency required.
- WHY should the required work be done? Explain how the work will affect the mission
of their unit and the Navy as well as their future career.
z Provide adequate supervision.
Make sure students follow the correct procedural steps,
observe safety precautions, observe good housekeeping rules, take advantage of available
time, and develop good work habits.
z Reinstruct the students when necessary. Teach students to be self-reliant; but if a student
gets stuck at some point, help the student get started on the right path. If Several students
appear to be having the same difficulty, call them aside and reinstruct them as a group.
n Evaluate the results. Determine whether or not the students have met the required
performance criteria. Provide feedback to students regarding their performance in order
to reinforce desired behaviors and correct areas that need improvement.
s Maintain required progress records. Keep a record of the day-to-day progress of students,
or give performance tests at periodic intervals and record the results. Even when the
curriculum does not specify graded applications, keep some progress records.
Do not overlook the law of effect. Students naturally want to succeed, to know their
progress, and to be recognized by those in authority over them. Encourage wholesome
competition, and frequently advise the students of their progress.
Role playing requires the students to assume active roles in a simulated situation followed by
a group discussion.
It is particularly useful in teaching the development of leadership or
counseling skills. However, it is also used in the training of skills such as darnage control where
training simulators are used to create real life simulations.
Many Navy jobs, such as those performed by personnel in supervisory or administrative
billets, require two different kinds of skill.
One kind is specialized and pertains to the
occupational specialty. The other kind is skill in human relations.
Personnel can acquire this latter skill only through practice. The practice may involve the
handling of actual human relations situations during on-the-job training or practice in handling
simulated human relations in a school. From a training standpoint, the simulated situation is
preferable because instructors can note and correct student errors. Errors made in a real life
situation usually result in serious consequences,
such as failure to get the job done,
dissatisfaction, blame, and even reprimand. The role-playing method, therefore, is designed to