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Garbage  Disposal - 14163_246
to 1 gallon of water). You also can use a solution of chlorinated  lime  and  water  for  this  purpose.  The formula is 1 part lime to 1,000 parts water. PLANNING THE KITCHEN LAYOUT A kitchen layout shows you where to place waste disposal facilities. It  shows  a  smooth  traffic  flow through  the  serving  line  and  mess  kit  laundry  line.  A smooth traffic flow allows the troops to get away from the area easily if they must move fast. Make sure all latrines are at least 100 feet from the nearest natural water source and at least 100 yards from foodservice  areas. A layout for a rear area feeding situation is shown in figure 11-2. Storage of Food If you are to stay in one place for several days or more, you must provide storage facilities. If you do not have  mechanical  refrigeration  in  temporary  camps,  you may  place  food  in  water  containers  and  put  these containers in springs or streams. It is also possible to keep food items in the ground for a short time. This takes advantage of the insulating and cooling qualities of the moist earth beneath the surface.   This   also   protects   stored   food   from   the elements. Dig a hole, line it with burlap sacks and boards, then place the food, in its original container, in the hole. Once this is done, cover it with soil, straw, or leaves. For small amounts of food you can use a food box screened with wire or cloth netting suspended from the branch of a tree. This is called a swinging food box (fig. 11-3). The oil cup keeps insects from crawling down the wires to the box. The  root  cellar  has  one  of  the  advantages  of  a mechanical  walk-in  refrigerator.  It  makes  foods  easier to handle, especially when the foods are in bulk form. The height of the root cellar permits personnel to carry foods in or out of the cellar without stooping or bending. You can construct a root cellar if the terrain is hilly and a location is found that slopes upward at a sharp angle. The size of the excavation will vary according to the  storage  space  required.  Once  the  excavation  is complete,  reinforce  the  sides  and  line  with  waterproof material. Level the floor, cover it with dunnage, and grade away the entrance. Use heavy boards or logs to form the roof, then cover with a tarpaulin. Provide top 11-3 Figure  11-3.-Swinging  food  box. ventilation by making openings at the tops of the cellar sides. Fit the entrance with a door large enough to permit easy passage for personnel carrying food in the largest  expected  bulk  form.  Always  keep  the  door closed and covered with a canvas flap when it is not in use. Fill all the spaces between exposed logs or boards with wet earth. You  can  construct  an  underground  food  box  when the terrain is flat or when you need more space. The simplest kind consists of a packing box and a hole dug to fit it. After you dig the hole, lower the box into it. Then shovel loose earth into the spaces between the box’s outside walls and the sides of the hole. Next, pack this earth into a tight fit. Fashion the top of the box into a door. Line the underside of the top with canvas or some similar material. This will help make it airtight. (See  fig.  11-4.) Figure  11-4.—Underground  food  box.

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