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Naval Safety Supervisor - Military manual on safety practices
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History of Navy Safety Program
CHAPTER  1 DEVELOPMENT OF THE NAVY SAFETY PROGRAM We designed this training manual to help acquaint you with the Navy’s safety and occupational health programs,  their  setup,  management,  and  supervision.  In addition  to  the  Navy  Occupational  Safety  and  Health (NAVOSH)  Program,  we  will  discuss  the  Shore  Safety Program,  the  Afloat  Safety  Program,  the  Aviation Safety  Program,  and  your  duties  as  a  naval  safety supervisor.   We   have   provided   the   appropriate references for specific safety standards throughout this manual and various safety terms and acronyms. You will also find information on the following program elements: Safety  program  promotion  and  attitudes Mishap  causes  and  prevention Mishap  investigation  and  reporting Safety program evaluation NAVOSH  Program  elements Traffic safety Explosives  safety Athletic, recreation, and home safety programs In  this  chapter,  we  cover  the  history  and  develop- ment  of  the  Navy  Occupational  Safety  and  Health Program and its current organization. We also describe the  role  of  safety  supervisors,  their  responsibilities,  and the criteria for their selection as safety supervisors. HISTORY OF NAVY SAFETY PROGRAM As your employer, the Navy is obligated by law to provide  you  with  a  safe  and  healthy  work  environment. Shipboard  life,  shipyard  industrial  activities,  and aviation  maintenance  areas,  especially,  are  inherently dangerous. We must keep our crewmembers, as well as civilian workers, healthy and ready to perform their missions. The Navy has conducted safety and occupational health  programs  for  many  years.  Historically,  general and off-duty safety has been an element of the overall Navy safety program managed by Navy line functions. The  Bureau  of  Medicine  and  Surgery  (BUMED) conducts  the  occupational  health  program  element. The following is a brief listing of the milestones in the Navy’s safety program: 1917 Safety engineers were assigned to each naval  shipyard. 1922 Safety programs for civilian employees were introduced at all naval activities. 1929 Enlisted personnel on shore duty were included  in  safety  programs. 1947 The Navy Department Safety Council was organized under the Director of Safety of the  Office  of  Industrial  Relations  (OIR). Its  original  mission  was  to  coordinate safety   procedures   and   to   provide communications   between   the   bureau safety  engineers  and  the  technical  staff  of the  OIR  safety  branch.  In  1967,  the council’s   mission   was   expanded   to include the development and maintenance of the  U.S.  Navy  Safety  Precautions Manual, OPNAV 34P1. 1951 The transition from propeller to jet air- craft helped the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV)  to  establish  the  Naval Aviation  Safety  Council.  In  1955  the name was changed to the Naval Aviation Safety  Center. 1963 The Navy was shaken by the sudden loss of the USS Thresher (SSN-593), in which 129 sailors were lost. The Navy convened a   court   of   inquiry   to   examine   the circumstances  leading  up  to  and surrounding  the  incident.  The  court’s findings resulted in the creation of the Submarine Safety Program (SUBSAFE). 1-1

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