or personnel in a disciplinary status as a result of
The Navy and Marine Corps Relief Society refers
dependents of such individuals who seek assistance to
local welfare agencies. While processing the application
for welfare the Navy and Marine Corps Relief Society
may provide comfort items to prevent hardship.
Application for assistance is made to any auxiliary,
branch, or office of the Navy and Marine Corps Relief
Society, or to headquarters, Arlington, Virginia, via the
American Red Cross. Relief agencies of the other
services can also provide assistance when needed.
Refer to the Naval Military Personnel Manual
information on the Navy and Marine Corps Relief
AMERICAN RED CROSS
The American Red Cross is a voluntary health and
welfare organization. The organization received its first
congressional charter in June 1900 and was
reincorporated by an act of Congress on 5 January 1905.
Two purposes of the organization relate to activities with
the armed forces. As specified by the charter, these
purposes arc (1) to furnish volunteer aid to the sick and
wounded of the armed forces in time of war . . . and (2)
to act in matters of voluntary relief and in accord with
the military authorities as a medium of communication
between the people of the United States of America and
their Armed Forces . . . Additionally, the Red Cross
supports and supplements those activities of the military
that affect the health, welfare, and morale of military
personnel and their families.
While these purposes arc specific, the Red Cross is
not limited to them. Over the years, as situations and
needs have changed, the organization has expanded its
activities. Amendments to the Red Cross charter, new
federal laws, and military directives give the Red Cross
the authority to expand its programs for the benefit of
members of the armed forces and their families both in
peace and in war.
How Red Cross Receives Funds
While the Red Cross receives a large amount of
logistical support from the Department of Defense
(DOD) and its branches, the organization is not funded
by the federal government, but by voluntary donations
to the United Way and the Combined Federal Campaign
(CFC) and by direct contribution where federal fund
raising does not exist.
Agencies That Authorize Red Cross to Provide
Services to Member-s of the Armed Forces
Red Cross service to members of the armed forces
is authorized by the Congress (through Public Law 131,
83d Congress), DOD (through DOD Directive 1330.5),
and the various branches of the Military Establishment
(through AR 930-5, AFR 211-11, and American
National Red Cross, SECNAVINST 5760.1C).
How Services Are Provided
Red Cross station managers, their assistants, and
approximately 2,900 Red Cross chapters in local
civilian communities provide services to members of
the armed forces at most of the larger military
installations and military hospitals, both in the United
States and overseas. Uniformed, trained volunteers offer
invaluable assistance. Their service provides a unique
arrangement whereby station managers and local
chapters cooperate to give assistance on the basis of the
needs of the total family, even though family members
may be separated.
Services to Military Personnel on Ships at Sea
and at Isolated Locations Worldwide
The Red Cross provides service, including
emergency health and welfare communications, to
service members aboard ships at sea or in remote
overseas locations through the emergency
communication unit, sometimes called AMCROSS, at
Red Cross National Headquarters, Washington, DC.
This office sends reports received from Red Cross units
in the home communities on serious illness, death, or
any other family emergencies, and birth notifications,
by rapid communications to the commanding officer
(CO) of the ship or of the isolated military unit. The
report is then shared with the service member.
If no Red Cross member is assigned, the CO sends
requests for reports and replies such as leave decisions
directly to AMCROSS, Washington, DC. The Red Cross
accepts requests for reports related to emergency leave
or emergency leave extension and provides appropriate
information to the military headquarters offices. To help
station managers expedite delivery of emergency
communications, the unit must provide the whereabouts
and identification of service members.