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Figure 5-10.óNavy wash formula I.
LAUNDRY   DETERGENT The  detergent/oxygen  bleach  is  intended  for shipboard  laundering  of  cotton,  synthetic,  and blended items using fresh water or seawater. It is referred to as the two-shot detergent because it includes a detergent and oxygen-based bleach and is mixed and ready to use. Since it is premixed you  won’t  have  to  proportion  laundry  chemicals as  in  the  past.  As  long  as  you  add  the  correct amounts to the washer, the chemical proportion will be correct. Figure 5-9 shows the wash sizes and the amounts of two-shot detergent that should be used with fresh water and seawater. The two-shot detergent uses an oxygen-based bleach that is safe in washing all fabrics, therefore, the  problem  in  damaging  colored  clothes  with bleach is eliminated. The bleach is an integral part of  the  detergent  and  will  not  require  special handling   as   it   is   not   reactive   to   the   other ingredients  in  the  formulation.  The  detergent/ oxygen   bleach   releases   a   sharp,   unpleasant solvent-type  odor  into  the  air  while  being  used. You should not be alarmed by this smell because the smell will not be transferred to the clothing. WASHING   FORMULAS The  Navy  recently  changed  all  Navy  wash formulas  to  include  the  two-shot  detergent.  The new wash formulas were developed by the Navy to help shipboard personnel produce whiter and brighter washes. The formulas are illustrated in figures  5-10  through  5-12.  These  formulas  have been tested in laundries aboard ship and have been found satisfactory for the type of work indicated. These  formulas  were  developed  to  conserve  energy and   to   meet   environmental   regulations   while providing quality laundry. These formulas should be posted on the wash deck for laundry personnel to  read  and  follow. RINSING Rinsing  removes  soil  and  cleaning  solutions from  the  clothes.  Poor  rinsing  results  in  grayness, disagreeable  odors,  harsh  finish,  and  generally poor  quality  work. The number of rinses used should always be according to the Navy wash formula you are using and   should   not   be   modified.   Under   normal conditions,  following  the  Navy  wash  formula  in regards to the number of rinses, the rinse water levels, water temperature, and time of running will bring desirable results. If clothes that are heavily soiled do not come out clean in the first wash they should  be  washed  again  according  to  the  Navy wash  formula. LAUNDRY   SOUR Laundry  sour  is  added  to  the  last  rinse  to neutralize the remaining alkalies and to dissolve Dosage Wash Size (Pounds) 16 20 35 60 100 135 150 200 Fresh  Water (Ounces) 2.6 3.2 5.6 9.6 16.0 21.6 24.0 32.0 Figure 5-9.—Two-shot detergent amounts. 5-15 Seawater (Ounces) 3.2 4.0 7.0 12.0 20.0 27.0 30.0 40.0

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