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Storekeeper 3 & 2 - Manual for watching over inventory and other things needed in a store
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Use of Dunnage
ensure the safe return of an item. Detailed procedures for packaging of repairables are contained in Supply Afloat  Packaging  Procedures,  NAVSUP  P-484. CARGO On ships that are primarily cargo ships, a cargo officer  (who  may  or  may  not  be  in  the  supply department)  is  assigned  the  responsibility  of  receipt, custody,  stowage,  and  delivery  of  cargo. CLASSES OF CARGO Military cargo may be divided into the following general classification. GENERAL—Miscellaneous  material  packed  in boxes, bales, crates, packages, bundles, or on pallets. PERISHABLES—Meats,  fruits,  vegetables,  milk, and  medical  department  supplies  which  must  be  kept under  refrigeration. VEHICLES—Wheeled   and   tracked   equipment including weapons. Most vehicles need definite deck space, headroom, and other clearance. TROOP  SPACE  CARGO—Seabags  or  barracks bags,  footlockers,  bedrolls,  and  office  equipment.  This cargo should be placed in an accessible stowage space. HEAVY-LIFT CARGO—Exceeds the capacity of available   booms   and   requires   special   handling equipment. The safe working load (SWL) is usually marked on the boom heel. DANGEROUS  CARGO—Explosives,  flammable liquids  and  solids,  oxidizing  material,  corrosive  liquids, compressed gases, poisons, radioactive material, and other  hazardous  articles.  Dangerous  cargo  may  be referred   to   as   “Label   Cargo”   because   Federal regulations  require  that  suitable  warning  labels  be affixed  to  all  such  material. SECURITY CARGO—Material of unusual value or  of  a  highly  pilferable  nature  which  is  given  special handling,  stowage,  and  protection;  such  as  shipments  of narcotics  liquor,  high-value  technical  equipment,  and ship’s store stock. CLASSIFIED   CARGO—Shipments   of   equipment or publications classified as “confidential” or higher. These shipments must be safeguarded in accordance with  the   Navy   Security   Manual   for   Classified Information,  OPNAVINST  5510.1. CARGO  LOADING You should load and stow cargo in accordance with the stowage plan prepared by the cargo officer. How the cargo officer works up the plan depends on the amount and type of cargo and the way the ship is to be loaded.  That  is  whether  it  is  a  combat  load  for  an amphibious   operation,   fleet-issue   load   for replenishment at sea, or base load for an advanced base. If it is a combat load, the articles of equipment needed  first  will  be  loaded  last.  Articles  and  supplies that will not be needed until later will go in the bottom of the hold. Vital equipment will be stowed where it can be offloaded first Fleet-issue loaded ships are not loaded to capacity because   a   lot   of   space   is   sacrificed   to   provide passageways.  The  passageways  are  required  to  make all  items  in  the  holds  accessible.  This  material  is transferred  during  underway  replenishment  as  required by  the  receiving  ships;  therefore,  it  must  be  stowed  so that all items are readily available. The  base  load  gives  the  cargo  officer  more  leeway in  planning,  but  still  requires  that  cargo  be  loaded according to certain basic principles of stowage and rules  of  common  sense. In the stowage of cargo, the Navy strives to meet the  following  conditions: Protect the ship and crew from damage or injury, Protect the cargo from damage, Make maximum use of available space, Maintain maximum stability of the ship, and Attain speed in loading and unloading. SHIP’S  NOMENCLATURE Cargo  holds  vary  in  size  and  shape  depending  on the ship and their location aboard ship. Typical forward and  after  holds  are  shown  in  figures  14-10  and  14-11 respectively.  You  will  understand  cargo  handling  in  a ship’s hold much better if you are familiar with the applicable  ship’s  nomenclature. CARGO STOWAGE The  following  paragraphs  discuss  some  of  the  basic principles  of  stowage.  They  are  not  only  applicable  to stowing cargo, but may also be used to good advantage when stowing ship’s material. 14-17

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