ensure the safe return of an item. Detailed procedures
for packaging of repairables are contained in Supply
Afloat Packaging Procedures, NAVSUP P-484.
On ships that are primarily cargo ships, a cargo
officer (who may or may not be in the supply
department) is assigned the responsibility of receipt,
custody, stowage, and delivery of cargo.
CLASSES OF CARGO
Military cargo may be divided into the following
GENERALMiscellaneous material packed in
boxes, bales, crates, packages, bundles, or on pallets.
PERISHABLESMeats, fruits, vegetables, milk,
and medical department supplies which must be kept
VEHICLESWheeled and tracked equipment
including weapons. Most vehicles need definite deck
space, headroom, and other clearance.
TROOP SPACE CARGOSeabags or barracks
bags, footlockers, bedrolls, and office equipment. This
cargo should be placed in an accessible stowage space.
HEAVY-LIFT CARGOExceeds the capacity of
available booms and requires special handling
equipment. The safe working load (SWL) is usually
marked on the boom heel.
DANGEROUS CARGOExplosives, flammable
liquids and solids, oxidizing material, corrosive liquids,
compressed gases, poisons, radioactive material, and
other hazardous articles. Dangerous cargo may be
referred to as Label Cargo because Federal
regulations require that suitable warning labels be
affixed to all such material.
SECURITY CARGOMaterial of unusual value
or of a highly pilferable nature which is given special
handling, stowage, and protection; such as shipments of
narcotics liquor, high-value technical equipment, and
ships store stock.
CLASSIFIED CARGOShipments of equipment
or publications classified as confidential or higher.
These shipments must be safeguarded in accordance
with the Navy Security Manual for Classified
Information, OPNAVINST 5510.1.
You should load and stow cargo in accordance with
the stowage plan prepared by the cargo officer. How
the cargo officer works up the plan depends on the
amount and type of cargo and the way the ship is to be
loaded. That is whether it is a combat load for an
amphibious operation, fleet-issue load for
replenishment at sea, or base load for an advanced base.
If it is a combat load, the articles of equipment
needed first will be loaded last. Articles and supplies
that will not be needed until later will go in the bottom
of the hold. Vital equipment will be stowed where it
can be offloaded first
Fleet-issue loaded ships are not loaded to capacity
because a lot of space is sacrificed to provide
passageways. The passageways are required to make
all items in the holds accessible. This material is
transferred during underway replenishment as required
by the receiving ships; therefore, it must be stowed so
that all items are readily available.
The base load gives the cargo officer more leeway
in planning, but still requires that cargo be loaded
according to certain basic principles of stowage and
rules of common sense.
In the stowage of cargo, the Navy strives to meet
the following conditions:
Protect the ship and crew from damage or injury,
Protect the cargo from damage,
Make maximum use of available space,
Maintain maximum stability of the ship, and
Attain speed in loading and unloading.
Cargo holds vary in size and shape depending on
the ship and their location aboard ship. Typical forward
and after holds are shown in figures 14-10 and 14-11
respectively. You will understand cargo handling in a
ships hold much better if you are familiar with the
applicable ships nomenclature.
The following paragraphs discuss some of the basic
principles of stowage. They are not only applicable to
stowing cargo, but may also be used to good advantage
when stowing ships material.