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Page Title: Forgery
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radio  from  a  person  who  borrowed  it  from  the owner, saying you will return it to the owner, but instead, selling it. An  example  of  wrongful  appropriation  is taking   someone’s   car   without   permission   and going for a joyride, later returning or abandoning the car. Art. 122. Robbery Any  person  subject  to  this  code  who with intent to steal takes anything of value from  the  person  or  in  the  presence  of another,  against  his  will,  by  means  of  force or violence or fear of immediate or future injury to his person or property or to the person or property of a relative or member of his family or of anyone in his company at  the  time  of  the  robbery,  is  guilty  of robbery and shall be punished as a court- martial may direct. When  a  robbery  is  committed  by  force  or violence,  evidence  must  exist  of  actual  force  or violence to the victim preceding or accompanying the  taking  against  the  victim’s  will.  Whether  or not fear is engendered in the victim is immaterial. When  a  robbery  is  committed  by  means  of fear,  no  evidence  is  required  of  actual  force  or violence.  However,  evidence  of  demonstrations of force or menaces that place the victim in such fear  that  the  victim  is  warranted  in  offering  no resistance is required. Art. 123. Forgery Any  person  subject  to  this  code  who, with  intent  to  defraud— (1) falsely makes or alters any signature  to,  or  any  part  of,  any writing  which  would,  if  genuine, apparently impose a legal liability on another or change his legal right or  liability  to  his  prejudice;  or (2)   utters,   offers,   issues,   or transfers such a writing, known by him  to  be  so  made  or  altered; is guilty of forgery and shall be punished as  a  court-martial  may  direct. A  forgery  may  be  committed  by  a  person’s signing his or her own name to an instrument. For example,  presume  a  check  payable  to  the  order of  a  certain  person  comes  into  the  hands  of another  person  of  the  same  name.  The  receiver commits   forgery   if,   knowing   the   check   to   be another person’s, he or she endorses it with his or  her  own  name  with  the  intent  to  defraud. Some   of   the   instruments   most   frequently subject to forgery are checks, orders for delivery of   money   or   goods,   military   orders   directing travel,  and  receipts.  A  writing  may  be  falsely “made”  by  materially  altering  an  existing  writing; by filling in or signing the blanks in a paper, such as  a  blank  check;  or  by  signing  an  instrument already written. Art. 123a. Making, Drawing, or Uttering Check, Draft, or Order Without Sufficient Funds This article provides specific statutory auth- ority  for  the  prosecution  of  bad  check  offenses. In the absence of evidence indicating otherwise, bad  faith  might  be  shown  by  the  maker’s  or drawer’s  failure  to  effect  redemption  within  the 5-day  period  provided  for  in  the  article.  The offense  of  wrongfully  and  dishonorably  failing to  maintain  sufficient  funds  for  payment  of checks upon presentment is a violation of article 134. This offense is a lesser included offense under article  123,  not  requiring  proof  of  fraudulent intent. Art.  124.  Maiming Any  person  subject  to  this  code  who, with intent to injure, disfigure, or disable, inflicts  upon  the  person  of  another  an injury,   which— (1) seriously disfigures his per- son  by  any  mutilation  thereof; (2)  destroys  or  disables  any member  or  organ  of  his  body;  or (3)   seriously   diminishes   his physical vigor by the injury of any member  or  organ; is  guilty  of  maiming  and  shall  be  punished as  a  court-martial  may  direct. Maiming includes putting out a person’s eye; cutting  off  a  person’s  hand,  foot,  or  finger;  or knocking  out  a  person’s  front  teeth,  as  these injuries  destroy  or  disable  those  members  or organs. Maiming also includes cutting off a per- son’s  ear  or  scaring  a  person’s  face,  as  these injuries  seriously  disfigure  the  person.  Injuring an internal organ so as to seriously diminish the 6-22

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