Personnel in charge of a boat that is not
underway salute officers that come alongside
or pass nearby. If no one is in charge, all
those in the boat render the salute. Boat
coxswains salute all officers entering or leaving
their boats. (Although personnel customarily
stand when saluting, this formality is dispensed
with if it risks the safety of the boat.)
When boat awnings are spread, enlisted per-
sonnel sit at attention while saluting; they
do not rise. Officers seated in boats rise when
rendering salutes to seniors who are entering
When boats pass each other with embarked
officers or officials in view, the senior officer
and coxswain in each boat render hand salutes.
Officers seated in passing boats do not rise when
saluting; the coxswain rises to salute unless it is
dangerous or impracticable to do so.
In Civilian Attire
When a junior recognizes a senior in the armed
services as one who rates a salute, the junior
initiates a proper greeting even though the senior
may be in civilian clothing. If the senior is
covered, the junior may render a salute. In time
of war, however, an officer not in uniform may
be deliberately avoiding disclosure of his or her
naval membership. Therefore, the junior should
be discriminate about following the normal
Normally, you do not render salutes while
wearing civilian clothing. If necessary to avoid
embarrassment to the naval service, render a
salute when in doubt.
In a Group
If enlisted personnel or officers are standing
together and a senior officer approaches, the first
to see the senior calls, Attention! All then face
the senior officer and salute.
No junior should overhaul and pass a senior
without permission. When for any reason the
junior must pass, he or she does so to the
left, When abreast of the senior, the junior
salutes and asks, By your leave, sir/ma'am?
The senior replies, Very well, and returns the
When reporting on deck or out-of-doors
ashore, all personnel remain covered and salute
accordingly. When reporting in an office, juniors
uncover upon approaching the senior but do not
An enlisted person being seated and without
particular occupation rises upon the approach of
an officer; faces the officer; and salutes, if
covered. If both remain in the same general
vicinity, they need not repeat the compliments.
In most cases officers will know the relative
seniority of those with whom they are in frequent
contact. However, in many situations, especially
ashore, that is an obvious impossibility. To be
safe, salute at such times, doing so without delay.
As a matter of fact, in practically every case where
uncertainty exists, regardless of grade, the rule is
to render the salute.
Sentries at gangways salute all officers going
or coming over the side. They also salute when
passing or being passed by officers close aboard
in boats or otherwise.
Enlisted personnel and officers salute all senior
officers riding in vehicles. Those in the vehicle
both render and return salutes, as may be
required. The driver of a vehicle must salute if
the vehicle is at a halt but may omit the salute
while the vehicle is in motion to avoid endangering
the safety of the occupants.
Many watches aboard ship do not require the
watch stander to be covered. However, personnel
standing watch on the bridge are covered. When
personnel enter the pilothouse, they salute the
Boatswains Mate of the Watch (BMOW) and
request permission to enter. The helmsman and
lee helmsman salute the conning officer and
request permission to relieve the helm and lee
helm. The conning officer and the OOD also