Sexual harassment is not an amusing or
trivial issue. It negatively affects the morale
and productivity of service members as well
as team building and mission accomplishment.
It may also be a violation of any number of
articles of the Uniform Code of Military Justice
Sexual harassment is defined as (1) influenc-
ing; offering to influence; or threatening the
career, pay, or job of another person in exchange
for sexual favors; or (2) deliberate or repeated
offensive comments, gestures, or physical contact
of a sexual nature in a work or work-related
environment. Sexual advances, requests for sexual
favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of
a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment under
the following circumstances:
When submission to such conduct is made
either explicitly or implicitly a term or
condition of a persons job, pay, or career
When submission to or rejection of such
conduct by a person is used as a basis for
career or employment decisions affecting
When such conduct has the purpose or
effect of interfering with a persons per-
formance or creating an intimidating,
hostile, or offensive environment
Personnel, male or female, who use implicit
or explicit sexual behavior to control, influence,
or affect the career, promotion opportunities,
duty assignments, or pay of any other Navy
member are also engaging in sexual harassment.
Sexual harassment is, therefore, the embarrass-
ment, intimidation, or exploitation of one person
by another through sex-related comments or
The Navys long tradition of military pro-
fessionalism results from its positive, aggressive
leadership and its history of taking care of all
Navy members. Commanders, supervisors, and
subordinates are all responsible for providing an
environment free from sexual harassment.
The Department of the Navy expects all of its
personnel to support its policy of sexual harass-
ment prevention. This not only includes refrain-
ing from practicing such behavior but actively
countering and promptly reporting such actions.
The Navy does not require its personnel to
abstain totally from sexual relations. However,
it does strive to instruct all Navy members on the
importance of sexual responsibility and the
dangers of sexually transmitted diseases.
Syphilis, gonorrhea, genital herpes, and
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
are all sexually transmitted diseases. They are
normally spread through sexual contact. AIDS
can also be spread through contaminated blood
or by shared hypodermic needles. Sexually
transmitted diseases are not spread through
inanimate objects such as toilet seats, door knobs,
or eating utensils.
The most serious of these diseases is AIDS.
The AIDS virus attacks the bodys immune
system. This results in the bodys inability to fight
Military persons must receive live virus
vaccines to protect them from certain illnesses and
from possible exposure to serious infections when
deployed outside the United States. These vaccines
may be life-threatening to an infected person
whose immune system has been damaged by
At the present time no cure is known for
AIDS. More than 70 percent of all AIDS cases
prove fatal within 2 years of diagnosis.
As a Navy leader, you should be aware of
these sexually transmitted diseases and the
methods for reducing the risks of acquiring them.
The only way people can be sure not to acquire
these diseases is to abstain from all forms of sexual
contact. To reduce the risks of acquiring sexually
transmitted diseases, those who are sexually
active should take the following precautions:
Avoid sexual contact with multiple part-
ners, anonymous partners, prostitutes, and
other persons with multiple sex partners.
Avoid sexual contact with persons who
have a genital discharge, genital warts,
genital herpes lesions, or other suspicious
Avoid oral or anal sex.
Avoid genital contact with cold sores.
Use condoms and diaphragms in combina-
tion with spermicides.
Have periodic examinations for sexually