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Page Title: Claims Cognizable Under Other Claims Statutes
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. Execution of statute or regulation. The FTCA does not apply to any claim based on an actor omission of  a  federal  employee  who  exercises  due  care  while  in the performance of a duty or function required by statute or regulation. .   Discretionary   governmental   function. The FTCA  does  not  apply  to  any  claim  based  upon  the cxercise or performance of, or the failure to exercise or perform,   a   discretionary   governmental   function. Perhaps  no  single  exclusion  under  the  FTCA  has generated  as  much  litigation  as  the  discretionary function exclusion. The key issue usually is whether the government  activity  involved  in  the  claim  was  a discretionary  function.  The  problem  is  complicated  by the fact that neither the FTCA nor any court has ever formulated a comprehensive definition of discretionary function. Each case must be decided on its own facts. l  Postal  claims. The  FTCA  does  not  apply  to claims  for  the  loss,  miscarriage,  or  negligent transmission of letters or postal matters. Such claims, under limited circumstances, may be payable under the MCA. . Detention of goods. The FTCA does not apply to claims arising out of the detention of any goods or merchandise  by  a  federal  law  enforcement  officer, including  customs  of  officials. This  exception  is commonly applied in situations where the claimant seeks  compensation  for  property  seized  during  a  search for   evidence. This  exclusion  also  prevents compensation  under  the  FTCA  for  alleged  contraband seized  by  law  enforcement  officers. .  Combatant  activities  in  time  of  war. The combatant activities exclusion has three requirements: the  claim  (1)  must  arise  from  activities  directly involving engagement with the enemy; (2) must be conducted by the armed forces; and (3) occur during timc  of  war  (declared  and  undeclared).  Combatant activities are given a very strict meaning by the courts. It does not include practice or training maneuvers, nor any operations not directly involving engagement with an  enemy. . Intentional torts. The government is not liable under the FTCA for the following intentional torts: assault,  battery,  false  imprisonment,  false  arrest, malicious prosecution, abuse of process, libel, slander, misrepresentation,  deceit,  or  interference  with  contract rights. This exclusion will not protect the government from   liability   for   assaults,   batteries,   false imprisonments,   false  arrests,  abuses  of  process,  or malicious  prosecutions  committed  by  federal  law enforcement  officers. Claims  Cognizable  Under  Other  Claims statutes Certain claims cannot be paid under the FTCA because  they  are  cognizable  under  some  other  claims statute. Although the claimant may still recover under another statute, the amount may be significantly less than under the FTCA. Also, the claimant may not have the right under the other claims statute to sue the government if the claim is denied. Examples of claims cognizable under other situations and therefore not payable under the FTCA include the following: l  Personnel  claims.  Claims  by  military  personnel or  civilian  federal  employees  for  damage  or  loss  to personal property incident to service are cognizable under the Military Personnel and Civilian Employees’ Claims  Act. .  Admiralty  claims. Admiralty  claims,  arising from  incidents  such  as  ship  collisions,  are  usually governed by the Suits in Admiralty Act and the Public Vessel  Act. l Overseas claims. Claims arising in a foreign country arc not cognizablc under the FTCA, but may be allowed under either the MCA or the FTCA. .  Injury  or  death  to  civilian  federal  employee. Claims arising out of personal injury or death of a civilian federal employee, while on the job, arc usually covered by the Federal Employees’ Compensation Act. Nonappropriated   fund   activity   employees   are compensated under the Longshoremen’s and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act. Excluded  Claimants—Military  Personnel In Feres v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court held that military personnel cannot sue the federal government  for  personal  injury  or  death  occurring incident  to  military  service. The  Supreme  Court reasoned  that  Congress  did  not  intend  the  FTCA  to  apply to  military  personnel  because  it  had  already  provided medical care, rehabilitation, and disability benefits for them. Since 1950, the Feres doctrine  has  been  applied consistently by federal courts at all levels and was reaffirmed  by  the  Supreme  Court  in  1987. The  rationale  for  the  Feres  doctrine  can  be explained by examining the policy reasons underlying the doctrine proscribing governmental liability. The 12-4

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