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Page Title: Jurisdiction Over the Offense
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some reason. Article 2 of the UCMJ now provides a statutory  constructive  enlistment  with  four  basic requirements as follows: Voluntary  submission  to  military  authority Minimum  age  and  mental  competency  standards (no one under age 17 may be  subject to military jurisdiction by force of law) Receipt of military pay or allowances Performance of military duties If these requirements are met, a person is subject to the  UCMJ  until  properly  discharged,  despite  any recruiting  defect. The  possibility  of  the  exercise  of  military jurisdiction  ends  with  the  delivery  of  a  discharge certificate  with  the  intent  to  effect  separation.  This  is true  even  though  the  offense  was  committed  while  on active duty. Three potential exceptions exist to the general rule concerning  discharge  as  follows: . In the very unusual case contemplated by Article 3(a),  UCMJ,  (serious  offenses  committed  off  base overseas),  jurisdiction  will  continue  into  a  subsequent enlistment. .   When   a   person   is   discharged   before   the expiration  of  his  or  her  term  of  enlistment  for  the purpose of reenlistment and, thus, there has been no interruption  of  his  or  her  active  service,  court-martial jurisdiction  exists  to  try  the  member  for  offenses committed during the prior enlistment. Note, however, that jurisdiction is ended by a discharge at the end of an enlistment   even   though   the   service   member immediately  reenters  the  service. l If a person fraudulently obtains the delivery of the  discharge  papers,  jurisdiction  is  not  lost. JURISDICTION   OVER   THE   OFFENSE.— Before the Supreme Court’s decision in U.S. v. Soloria it was necessary to show that an offense committed off base had a service connection in order for a court-martial to have jurisdiction. The Soloria decision held that the accused’s status as a person subject to the UCMJ, and not the subject matter of the offense, was the test for court-martial  jurisdiction.  Accordingly,  it  is  no  longer necessary  to  plead  subject  matter  jurisdiction  in  a specification. Review of Supporting Documents When  reviewing  specifications,  you  should  use  all the  tools  at  your  disposal.  Reviewing  supporting documents that accompany a charge sheet will ensure the  accuracy  of  your  effort.  The  accused’s  service record will aid you in determining whether or not there is  jurisdiction  over  the  accused.  Also,  this  helps  to verify the personal information on page 1 of the charge sheet. Other documents that will help you are shore patrol reports, incident complaint reports, NCIS reports, records of unauthorized absences (NAVPERS 601-6Rs, page  6s),  and  administrative  remarks  (NAVPERS 601-13s,  page  13s).  These  documents  will  help  you  in determining the correctness of the drafted charge(s) and specification(s). WITNESS  INTERVIEWS Some aspects of LN duty assignments require you to interview witnesses with the purpose of gathering information much the same as an investigator. In most cases,  witnesses  have  been  interviewed  by  trained investigators before you undertake the task. In any event, the techniques used by you to gather information are  universal  and  effective  if  applied  properly. Interviews During the process of gathering information for an investigation, you almost invariably make use of one of the  most  valuable  sources,  people;  you  do  so  by interviewing them. An interview is the questioning of a person  believed  to  possess  knowledge  of  official  interest to the command and the interviewer. In an interview, the interviewer encourages the person questioned to give an account of an incident under investigation in his or her own words and in his or her own way. Interviews are used for the following purposes: l To establish the facts of a crime that may provide the  investigator  with  leads  that  will  disclose  the perpetrator of the crime or offense under investigation or of other crimes committed or both l  To  corroborate  or  disprove  statements l  To  verify  inferences  derived  from  physical evidence l To link physical evidence of a suspect with a case l   To   clear   a   suspect   (develop   evidence   that eliminates  an  individual  as  suspect  of  committing  an offense) 6-42

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