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Page Title: Tilting Skillet
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will flash on and off during the cooking process to show the  correct  temperature  is  being  maintained. You are now ready to load the griddle. 4.   Turn   the   griddle   off   or   to   the   lowest temperature setting during idle periods. Care and Cleaning Keep  the  cooking  surface  scraped  and  wiped clean at all times. The grease gutters should always be kept  clean  to  help  in  draining  off  excess  grease and  thereby  reduce  smoke.  The  grease  receptacle should   be   emptied   frequently   and   thoroughly cleaned at the end of the workday.  Before  starting the  griddle  cleaning  procedure,  always  make  sure the electrical power is turned off at the main power panel and the correct tag-out procedures have been followed. The cooking surface of most griddles can be satisfactorily  cleaned  with  a  pumice  stone.  Never use  water.  However,  before  cleaning,  you  should read   the   manufacturer’s   recommended   cleaning instructions for that particular griddle surface. After each   thorough   cleaning,   the   griddle   should   be seasoned.   Seasoning   is   done   by   preheating   the griddle  to  400°F.  When  the  signal  light  goes  off, spread  a  light  film  of  cooking  oil  or  fat  over  the entire surface of the griddle. In 2 minutes, wipe the surface  clean  of  excess  oil.  Repeat  this  operation. The griddle is now ready for use. TILTING SKILLET Tilting skillets are large frying pans with  deep sides and an attached lid. They are used to grill, fry, simmer,  and  braise  large  quantities  of  food.  They can be mounted on a wall or on a stand and can be tilted at least 90 degrees from the normal horizontal position  for  emptying  cooked  foods  and  cleaning. Skillets  are  either  gas  or  electric,  have  an  electric thermostat, and have a temperature range of 100°F to 450°F. There is also a secondary thermostat that is a high-limit cutoff that disables the power circuit when  the  temperature  exceeds  460°F.  Gas  skillets are   also   furnished   with   a   pressure   regulator, connector,   quick-disconnect,   and   a   100-percent shutoff  device  for  the  pilot  (automatic  ignition  of gas).  Most  skillets  will  also  have  a  faucet  directly attached to the skillet to aid in cooking and cleaning. Operation The skillet is heated from the bottom by either resistant   heating   elements   or   a   series   of   gas burners.  Usually,  the  tilting   mechanism   can   be locked in any position. On some models, the tilting feature  may  have  a  safety  switch  to  be  engaged  if the skillet is HOT or ON. If the skillet  is  provided with  a  faucet,  it  may  be  connected  directly  to  a water supply. NOTES: (1) Keep the tilting mechanism thoroughly lubricated for ease of operation.     (2) Always turn off the heating element before tilting. Care in Cleaning The tilting skillet  should  be  cleaned  after  each use. Before cleaning you must turn off the heating element and scrape off the hardened food from the inside  of  the  skillet  with  a  spatula  or  scraper  and flush  down  the  sediment  with  a  small  amount  of water. If the skillet has become very dirty, fill it to the  level  with  hot  water  containing  a  mild  hand- dishwashing    detergent.    Turn    on    the    heating element and allow the water to come to a boil. Boil the water for at least 5 to 10 minutes. Turn off the heating  element,  drain,  rinse  with  warm  vinegar water, then rinse thoroughly with clear water, and dry the skillet well. Clean the outside of the skillet with   a   grease-cutting   detergent.   Do   not   leave heating   element   turned   on   when   the   skillet   is empty. DEEP-FAT FRYER    Sizes of deep-fat fryers (fig. 4-3) are expressed in the  number  of  pounds  of  french  fries  that  can  be cooked   in   an   hour   and   range   from   30   to   125 pounds. Some 48.11 Figure 4-3.—Deep-fat fryer. 4-4

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