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Page Title: Hazard Detection
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procedures   into   all   activity   functions.   The   ASO coordinates  safety  matters  among  the  organization  staff. He or she maintains appropriate aviation safety records and mishap statistics. The ASO must be a primary billet assignment. The aviation safety officer and Quality Assurance/ Analysis  (QA/A)  Division  personnel,  working  together, develop   a   local   maintenance   instruction   (MI)   or command  type  of  instruction.  This  instruction  identifies the   command   policies   and   responsibilities   of   all concerned.   You   should   consult   the   following publications   during   the   instruction   development process: The Naval Aviation Safety Program, OPNAV- INST  3750.6Q Navy   Occupational   Safety   and   Health (NAVOSH)  Program  Manual  for  Forces  Afloat, OPNAVINST   5100.19B Navy   Occupational   Safety   and   Health (NAVOSH)  Program  Manual,  OPNAVINST 5100.23C NAVAIROSH   Requirements   for   the   Shore Establishment,  NAVAIR   A1-NAOSH-SAF-000/ P-5100-1 The ASO and QA/A Division personnel investigate most  mishaps/incidents  and  hazards  in  their  activity. OPNAVINST  3750.6Q  identifies  report  requirements and specifies the conditions under which you report mishaps and injuries to the Commander, Naval Safety Center. To prevent mishaps and their causes, local activities should check the effectiveness of their safety program  and  mishap  investigation  and  reporting procedures. The key to having an effective safety program is effective communication at all levels of command. A variety of publications are available to the safety officer and key members in the safety program to help in the communication process. The Naval Safety Center helps to   promote   safety   in   aviation   through   various safety-oriented  publications.  They  are  described  in chapter  1.  Some  of  the  publications  available  that contain current, accurate information you can use to help  prevent  aviation  mishaps  include: Approach magazine Aviation  Safety  Bi-weekly  Summary MECH magazine FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMAND AVIATION  SAFETY  PROGRAM Sound, positive leadership combined with able and proper management of the command aviation safety program ensures the reinforcement of the following three  program  functions: 1.  Hazard  detection 2.  Hazard  elimination 3. Safety education and awareness Hazard Detection We accomplish hazard detection most often at the squadron level. However, the Aviation Safety Program requires that command aviation safety programs at all levels include methods for hazard detection. Hazards exist as a result of poor design, improper or unprofessional work or operational practices, and inadequate training or preparation for a task or mission. Other  causes  of  hazards  include  inadequate  instructions or   publications   or   a   demanding   and   unforgiving environment.  Each  member  of  the  command  must support a program of reduced risks by reporting hazards. Hazard  Elimination The  keys  to  effective  hazard  elimination  are knowledge,   required   procedures   and   reporting instructions, proper use of materials and equipment, and safety  awareness.  As  hazard  detection  is  an  all-hands effort, so too is hazard elimination. You can readily identify some hazards and correct them on the spot. Others,  however,  are  more  difficult  to  identify.  We accomplish  hazard  elimination  through  remedial  action to  correct  hazards.  This  action  is  divided  into  the following  three  parts: 1. 2. 3. Reporting  of  hazards Remedial  action  to  correct  hazards Monitoring  of  corrective  actions Safety Education and Awareness Each  command  aviation  safety  program  must include  a  safety  education  and  awareness  program  to provide safety training and to enhance safety awareness. Safety  education  provides  routine  safety  training covering  all  safety  subjects,  including  aeromedical,  as well as formal U.S. Navy aviation and related safety courses.  Safety  education  provides  training  on  how  to 8-11

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