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Page Title: Damage to Clothing During the Drying Cycle
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However, when subject to the heat of presses or the flatwork ironer, sour is converted to sodium carbonate that causes damage to the clothing. Do not  rinse  the  clothes  after  you  use  sour. Starch Starch is designed to give body to and improve the feel of the fabric. It is used on cotton fabrics, but it should never be used on synthetics, synthetic blends, or certified Navy twills (CNTs). The Navy wash formula should show the amount of starch to  use  on  clothing.  Do  not  overuse  or  underuse starch. If overstarched, clothing will become too stiff. If understarched, clothes will look wrinkled after  they  are  pressed.  Overusing  starch  also causes  spotting  during  pressing.  Always  drain starch  out  of  the  washer  extractor  while  it  is running  to  prevent  starch  from  settling  on  the  top of  the  load. DAMAGE  TO  CLOTHING  DURING THE  DRYING  CYCLE Most  damage  that  occurs  to  clothing  during drying  can  be  eliminated  with  proper  supervision, training, and attention to detail. The major causes of  damage  to  clothing  during  the  drying  cycle include  the  following: Incorrect  temperature No   cool-down   period Overdrying settings Overloading   or   improperly   loading   the dryer Lack  of  training  in  the  proper  operation of  the  dryer As   a   supervisor,    make  sure  all  laundry personnel  follow  the  safety  precautions  and operating   instructions   outlined   below   and discussed  in  Ship’s   Serviceman   Third   Class, NAVEDTRA 10176, and the equipment technical manual. Set  the  temperature  controls  on  the  dryer between 140 to 160 degrees. When drying different types of clothing, you should keep a close watch on the temperature gauges to make sure the dryers do  not  overheat.  Set  the  timer  on  the  dryer  for 20  to  25  minutes  and  cool-down  time  for  10  to 15 minutes so the alarm will sound to alert you to  check  the  load.  Do  not  overload  the  tumbler dryer  so  that  adequate  tumbling  action  is  allowed for wrinkle removal. Drying time varies with the clothing mix and size of load, but items containing synthetics or a high percentage of synthetic blends dry much faster than (similar) 100 percent cotton items. Do  not  overload  dryers.  Overloading  dryers only extends drying time and causes overdrying. Always  separate  lightweight  items  from  heavy items. Lighter weight items in an overloaded dryer have a tendency to dry quickly. By the time your heavier  items  are  dried,  your  lighter  items  may be  at  the  point  of  combustion. Hang  dry  dungaree  shirts  that  have  freshly ironed-on   patches.   When   the   ink   from   these freshly  ironed-on  patches  comes  in  contact  with dryer  heat,  it  becomes  a  sticky  solution  that imprints on other clothing in the dryer. However, the patch ages after a couple of washes and can be  dried  in  the  normal  manner.  Do  not  dry  the shirt separately or the ink will ruin the shirt itself. LAUNDRY  DRYER  FIRES Laundries aboard ship are not normally seen as  a  major  fire  hazard,  but  they  are  just  as hazardous as other spaces aboard ship. Clogged lint filters, unattended clothes in the dryers, faulty thermostats  and  timers,  lack  of  PMS,  and operator error are some of the causes of laundry dryer  fires. Laundry  dryer  fires  can  have  effects  far beyond  a  load  of  scorched  and  burned  clothes. Vital electrical, piping, and ventilation systems can be  damaged,  jeopardizing  a  ship’s  safety  and degrading its mission capability. While the ship undergoes   repairs, operational   plans   and schedules are disrupted. The  principal  cause  of  shipboard  laundry  fires is  spontaneous  combustion  of  residual  soil  in clothing  (particularly  paint  and  drying  edible  oils) and/or polymeric elastic waistband materials. In the  majority  of  fires,  the  Navy  reports  clothing or linen has been left in the dryer unattended. The reason for this is that, in each case, the laundry personnel  have  not  followed  proper  procedures. A  Prevent  Laundry  Dryer  Fires  laminated  placard will be placed on the front of each dryer. These placards  are  available  from  local  servmarts  or from  the  supply  system.  To  prevent  laundry  fires, you   should   make   sure   all   laundry   personnel understand  the  information  contained  on  this placard  and  follow  the  safety  precautions  outlined in  the  Ship’s   Serviceman   Third   Class, NAVEDTRA   10176. 7-13

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