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Page Title: Chapter 8 Manpower Authorization
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CHAPTER 8 MANPOWER AUTHORIZATION To accomplish its mission, an activity must have people assigned to do a specific job or task–not just any group  of  people,  but  properly  trained  people.  For  this reason,  specific  guidelines  have  been  set  forth  by  the Chief  of  Naval  Operations  (CNO)  as  to  the  number  and type of personnel assigned to each activity. CNO directs and coordinates the development and implementation of the manpower planning system. In this chapter we discuss  the  manpower  requirements  resulting  from  the policies and procedures described in the  Manual  of Navy Total Force Manpower, Policies, and Procedures, OPNAVINST 1000.16G, that provide the base from which   manpower   is   programmed   and   plans   are developed  to  procure,  train,  and  assign  personnel. MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS Manpower requirements are established based upon the most effective and efficient methods of performing assigned tasking. Manpower, Personnel, and Training Information System (MAPTIS) is the aggregate of the separate but interrelated automatic data processing (ADP) information systems that support the Navy’s total force   management,   the   Navy   Manpower   Data Accounting  System  (NMDAS).  The  NMDAS  is  the authoritative  source  for  activity  information,  manpower authorizations  (MPAs),  personnel  authorizations,  billet authorizations, and requirements. These are recorded in three major subsystems–the Navy Activity Accounting Subsystem (NAAS), Navy Manpower End Strength Accounting   Subsystem   (NMESS),   and   the   Navy Manpower   Authorizations   and   Requirements Accounting   Subsystem   (NMARS).   The   NMDAS provides  a  means  of  preparing,  reporting,  and monitoring  military  positions  and  civilian  positions  and assists   in   integrated   manpower   planning   and programming.  The  manpower  requirements  in  the NMDAS files are displayed across the Six Year Defense Program (SYDP) and are based upon the following manpower  documents: .  Preliminary  Ship  Manpower  Documents (PSMDs) .  Preliminary  Squadron  Manpower  Documents (PSQMDs) Preliminary   Shore   Manpower   Documents (PSHMDs) Sea Operational Detachment (SEAOPDET) The  requirements  developed  by  these  documents serve as the basis for the billets in the NMDAS and, therefore,  for  MPA. The term manpower authorization is used in the following  ways: l  To  specify  categories  of  personnel  used  to perform  functions  or  missions  and  to  indicate  a commitment  of  resources  to  satisfy  a  requirement . To describe a military position and means by which it is resourced; whereas, civilian manpower is managed  to  payroll . To function as a generic term in place of precise statements  applicable  to  authorizations  from  several automated data base sources, at various levels of detail, and over a span of several fiscal years Manpower requirements may be satisfied by several categories  of  personnel  including  military  (active  and Reserve), civilian, and contractor personnel. Civilian positions in the MPA are a reflection of requirements  and  represent  estimates  for  use  in  planning and programming, but do not constitute a ceiling or constraint in execution. Military MPAs are the basis for planning military personnel inventory in the out years and for the placement of inventory in the fiscal year that is being executed. In general, laws and regulations such as total authorized strength and grade structure apply only  to  military  personnel.  The  MPA  system  is  integral to personnel management. The management objective in  maintaining  an  authorization  system  is  that  of translating resources earmarked to meet manpower requirements  into  orders  for  the  development  and maintenance of personnel inventory. To achieve this objective,  the  manpower  system  is  maintained  to establish  controls  for  end  strength  and  is  adjusted  as these controls are revised in the planning, programming, and  budgeting  system  (PPBS)  and  congressional  budget cycle. The interrelationship between the manpower system  and  the  personnel  planning  and  budgeting process  often  results  in  the  use  of  adjectives  for 8-1

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