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Tank Landing Ships
AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK SHIPS. —The  amphibious  transport  dock  (LPD)  (fig.  19- 13)  achieved  a  long-sought  goal  of  transporting troops and their equipment in the same ship. With facilities  for  operating  eight  helicopters,  the  LPD frequently serves as a satellite to the LPH during vertical assault operations. The LPD eliminates the difficulty of off-loading landing  craft  over  the  side  by  transporting  them internally    and    launching    them    through    an opening in the stern. Craft can be launched while the  ship  is  under  way  or  dead  in  the  water.  The deck  over  the  well  that  carries  the  landing  craft provides a platform for six large helicopters. This deck permits the landing of troops by air as well as by landing craft. Austin Class Data Displacement 16,900 tons Length 570 feet Beam 105 feet Draft 21.5 feet Shaft horsepower 24,000 Accommodations 474 Officers/troops 73/888 AMPHIBIOUS  CARGO  SHIPS.  —Amphib- ious  cargo  ships  (LKAs)  carry  large  quantities  of the  material  and  equipment  needed  to  launch  an amphibious   attack.   Such   items   include   guns, provisions,    jeeps,    trucks,    and    tanks.    Cargo capacity is over 5,000 tons, or about 300 vehicles of various   types.   These   ships   are   combat-loaded, which  means  the  cargo  is  placed  aboard  in  the reverse   order   of   off-loading   to   allow   for   rapid removal of material that will be needed first. The ship’s  own  landing  craft  deliver  supplies,  plus  a limited   number   of   troops,   to   the   beach.   USS Charleston (LKA-113) is shown in figure 19-14. DOCK   LANDING   SHIPS.   —Dock   landing ships (LSDs) can transport and launch a variety of loaded   amphibious   craft   and   vehicles   plus   a limited number of troops. They can provide limited docking  and  repair  services  to  small  ships  and craft   and   are   equipped   to   refuel   helicopters operating   from    the    ship’s    helicopter    landing platform. The LSD has, between its wing walls, a well  over  300   feet  long  and  about  50  feet  wide. Before the craft are launched, the LSD is ballasted down  and  the  well  is  flooded;  the  craft  are  then moved out under their own power. The LSD 28 3.87 Figure 19-13.-Amphibious transport dock ship USS Austin (LPD-4). 19-14

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