this organization to function openly, so it will
have to be established secretly. Good leadership
and discipline are keys to survival.
When questioned, should I become a
prisoner of war, I am required to give
name, rank, service number, and date of
birth. I will evade answering further
questions to the utmost of my ability. I will
make no oral or written statements disloyal
to my country and its allies or harmful to
The Geneva Convention requires that you
give your name, rate, service number, and date
of birth when questioned by the enemy. Any
further information, although seemingly of no
importance, could be of value to the enemy in
attempts to break your spirit or to be used against
fellow prisoners. The Geneva Convention also
forbids physical and mental torture of prisoners.
However, since the Korean conflict, Communist
forces have resorted to such tactics in their
attempts to gain information and to get prisoners
The time will come when you will have to say
something other than your name, rate, service
number, and date of birth, if only to avoid
further questioning. Do not makeup stories. You
may fool the interrogator for a short time; but
eventually the enemy will find your stories to be
false and may resort to harsher methods. A
simple I dont know will often suffice.
Oral or written confessions to war crimes,
surrender or peace appeals, and statements critical
of the United States are forbidden. They could
pose a danger to you and your fellow prisoners
and damage our country. Any confession becomes
grounds for trying a prisoner as a war criminal
if the enemy so desires.
I will never forget that I am an
American, fighting for freedom, respon-
sible for my actions, and dedicated to the
principles which made my country free. I
will trust in my God and in the United
States of America.
In the event you are unable to avoid capture,
remember the first sentence of the first article: I
am an American, fighting for freedom. Those
seven words signify your faith and confidence in
your God, your country, your service, and
As a member of the armed forces of the
United States, you are always subject to the
UCMJ, even as a prisoner of war. After
return to friendly forces or escape, you will be
investigated to determine the circumstances
of your capture and your conduct as a prisoner.
If you have done your utmost to uphold the
principles of this code, you need not worry about
such an investigation. You may even be able to
give valuable information that will help future
Many Americans have been prisoners of war,
and they all agree that the life of a POW is a hard
one. A few of those POWs were either unprepared
to resist or lacked the ability to maintain their
basic faith and loyalty under extreme pressure.
These Americans succumbed to the enemys
efforts and acted in a manner detrimental to their
country, their fellow service members, and
themselves. Remember, you will have to live the
rest of your life remembering your conduct under
stress. The majority of American prisoners have
behaved honorably and with pride because they
believed in and adhered to the principles and
strength on which our country was founded.
NAVY LEADER DEVELOPMENT
Through research, the Navy has identified
various leadership skills to distinguish the
differences between superior performers and
average performers as Navy leaders. These skills,
or characteristics, are sometimes referred to as
The Navy offers a variety of 1-week Navy
Leader Development Program (NAVLEAD)
courses designed to train students to apply these
specific leadership skills in various job situations.
The NAVLEAD courses are available to E-5
through O-6 personnel. All E-6 and E-7 personnel
are required to complete an NAVLEAD course
to be eligible for advancement to E-7 and E-8.
The NAVLEAD course for division officers
is based on the following 13 characteristics:
TAKES INITIATIVE: Demonstrates will-
ingness to go beyond what the situation
requires and to act before being asked.
FOLLOWS THROUGH: Monitors what
people and the organization are doing to
ensure quality and to maintain standards.