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Figure 3-17.–Tying a French bowline. the steps in tying a single and a double becket bend. A double becket bend is always used to bend the gantline (riding up and down line) onto a boatswain's chair. The carrick bend (fig. 3-14) is an easy knot formed by two overhand loops crossing each other. It provides a very secure means of fastening two hawsers together, and  has  the  advantage  that  when  drawn  taut,  it  assumes a form that can be passed around a barrel or winch. The ends should be seized down on their standing parts for security. Another method of quickly bending two lines together  is  the  bowline  bend.  It  is  formed  of  two bowlines one crossing the loop of the other. KNOTS TO FORM A LOOP OR EYE The   bowline   (fig.   3-15)   is   the   standby   for putting a loop in the end of a line. It neither slips nor jams, yet unties easily. A bowline is the best knot   to   use   for   bending   a   heaving   line   or messenger  to  the  eye  of  a  hawser  because  it  is quick to tie and easy to get off. A bowline on a bight gives two loops instead of one, neither of which slips. It is used to hoist a person, chair-seat fashion, out of a lifeboat or hold. Figure 3-16 shows you how to tie a bowline on a bight. As you can see, you start with your line doubled. A  French  bowline  has  the  same  purpose  as  a bowline on a bight. It gives you two loops that can be adjusted to fit. Adjust one of the loops under both hips, the other under the armpits, and draw the loops tight with  the  knot  at  the  chest.  You  can  transport  an unconscious crew member safely in a properly secured bowline if you take care not to allow the part under the arms  to  catch  on  any  projections.  A  step-by-step example of how to make a French bowline is given in figure  3-17. A running bowline is just regular bowline made around  the  standing  part  of  its  line  to  form  a running noose. Just tie a small bowline around the line's standing part, keeping it slack enough to run freely. BENDING TO A HOOK, RING,  OR  SPAR You can use a hitch to secure a line to a hook, ring or spar. We will describe various hitches in this section. A hitch differs from a knot in that it ordinarily is tied to a ring, around a spar or stanchion, or around another line. It is not tied back on itself to form an eye or to bend two  lines  together. The rolling hitch is one of the most useful and important  hitches  on  deck. Use it for passing a stopper on a mooring line when shifting the line from a winch or capstan to a cleat or bitts. It may also be used to secure a taut line back on itself. If tied properly, it holds as long as there is a strain on the hitch. 3-13

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