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Bow Hooks and Stern Hooks
Seaman - Military manual for the Seaman rate
Normal and Heavy Seas
Figure  5-8.–Safety  runner. the ship. To do so would cause the boat to dive against the side of the ship when the boat begins to  ride  the  painter,  and  it  would  probably capsize. It is important that the sea painter be adjusted properly and that the boat be allowed to drop back on it so that the boat's attachment point will be directly under the crane before lifting. Otherwise, it may broach to and capsize as it starts to leave the water. Once it rides to the painter, and the slings are attached, the boat is lifted out of the water and the engine is secured. Steadying lines should be secured to the cleats on the outboard side of the boat and brought back on deck to hold the boat steady as it rises. The bow hooks and stern hooks must fend it off the side. When the boat is clear of the water, the engine is secured, and the plugs should be removed (so that the bilges will drain before the boat reaches the deck). In operating with davits, the boat attaches to the sea painter and the steadying lines in the same manner, and must take the same precautions against broaching when lifted. The falls are lowered to the boat and the bow hook hooks the forward Raymond release hook first (hook pointing aft). The bow hook must rotate the block until all the twists are out of the falls before hooking on; otherwise, a dangerous jam will occur as the blocks draw together. Once the forward block is hooked on, the stern hook removes the twists in the after fall and then attaches the after Raymond release hook (hook  pointing  forward).  Both  then  secure  the  releasing hooks  closed  by  their  lanyards  using  three  figure-eights and  a  half  hitch.  Manropes  (monkey  lines)  are suspended from the strongback/span wire to the boat, and each person aboard must support part of his or her weight on the line as the boat rises, to be ready in any emergency. Hard hats with chin straps and inherently buoyant life preservers must be worn by personnel when they are being hoisted or lowered in a boat. ALONGSIDE SHIP OR LANDING In operating a boat, the most important point to remember is that the stern, not the bow, goes off track first when the rudder is turned; the boat reacts to the rudder much faster at high speed than at low speed. Often, when you see that you did not allow yourself enough room for a turn, gunning of the engine will bring it around in time. You will have to make a judgment call on that. All single-screw boats have right-handed screws turning  in  a  clockwise  direction  going  ahead,  when viewed from astern. For this reason, the side force of the screw, when going ahead, tends to walk the stern to starboard when the boat is gathering headway. This screw action means that your boat always makes a faster turn to port than to starboard when gathering headway. When backing, however, the stern tends to walk to port, no matter how much rudder you put on to the right. If you have to back a long stretch in a straight line, back with a hard right rudder until you start to curve to port. Then shift your rudder and gun your engine ahead fast. The boat straightens itself in a second, without losing sternway. One of the first pointers you must learn about your boat is how fast it will backdown. It is next to impossible to back a boat in a straight line. You must use your rudder and, at times, shift your engine to back your boat because of the effect on the screw and rudder. It  is  always  easier  to  go  alongside  port-side-to  than starboard-side-to. See figure 5-9. The reason: When you put your port bow alongside and start to back, the 5-9

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