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Securing a Boat to a Boom
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Seaman - Military manual for the Seaman rate
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Alongside Ship or Landing
weather conditions, as the boat will not safety carry the same number of people in bad weather as it will carry in good weather. BOW HOOKS AND STERN HOOKS Bow hooks and stern hooks must acquire all the knowledge necessary to operate the boat in the event that one of them should be required to relieve the coxswain in an emergency. When the boat is in operation, the bow hook should always be forward acting as a lookout, keeping watch for any floating object or hazard that might damage the boat or result in a collision. Both bow hooks and stern hooks should be ready at all times to fend off the boat from contact with other boats, the gangway, or the landing. Bow Hook On approaching the landing, the bow hook should be ready to spring ashore smartly with the bow line and take a turn on the nearest cleat. Also, the bow hook should be ready in the bow with the boat hook when approaching a ship's gangway, to snag the boat line and make fast. The bow hook should always have a fender ready to drop over at the proper spot if a bump becomes unavoidable. Stern  Hook The stern hook, likewise, should be ready to jump ashore at once to make the stern fast. Both the bow hook and stern hook must be at their lines, ready to cast off and  jump  aboard,  when  the  boat  is  about  to  get underway. They should never cast off, however, without orders  from  the  coxswain.  The  coxswain  frequently  has to go ahead or back down on one of the lines to clear the landing. Lines should be kept neatly flemish down and the fenders rigged in when not in use. BOAT  KEEPER Personnel  assigned  as  boat  keepers  assume responsibility for care of the boat in the absence of the crew. BOAT  ENGINEER The boat engineer performs maintenance on the engine as needed. Only the boat engineer should work on the engine. The boat engineer must ensure that the engine and the engine components are in good condition and ready to run. The boat engineer also performs duty as a stern hook on most boats. BOAT  OFFICER During heavy weather and other times as deemed necessary, an officer (sometimes a chief petty officer [CPO]) is assigned to a boat as the boat officer. A boat officer naturally has authority over the coxswain. However, the boat officer does not assume the  coxswain's  responsibilities  nor  relieve  the  coxswain of his normal duties. The coxswain and the boat officer are jointly responsible for the boat and the safety and of the crew and the passengers. The situation is somewhat like  the  relationship  between  the  OOD  and  the commanding  officer  on  the  bridge. BOAT  OPERATION LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Describe the basic principles of boat operations. One of the duties you may experience as a Seaman is as a member of a boat crew. You may be assigned as bow hook, stern hook, or perhaps even coxswain. You must know the nomenclature, characteristics, and handling  of  small  boats. HOISTING  AND  LOWERING The process of hoisting and lowering boats with a crane primarily entails handling the slings by the safety runner (fig. 5-8). The safety runner, a short wire pendant, is attached to the bill of the hook on a boat crane and is connected to a tripping line. A pull on the tripping line causes the safety runner to dump the ring of the boat slings off the hook. When a boat comes alongside a ship underway to be hoisted in, it first secures to the end of the sea painter–a strong line that hangs over the side of the ship and is located forward of the spot where the boat will be hoisted. The shipboard end of the line is bent securely to a cleat or a set of bitts. The eye of the sea painter is lowered to the boat and tended by means of a light line called a lizard line. The bow hook secures the eye to the inboard bow cleat, the cleat nearest the side of the ship. NOTE The sea painter is never secured to the boat's stern or to the side of the bow away from 5-8

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