until the draft is at the highest point of its arc swinging
outboard, then slack the hatch whip quickly so the slings
supporting the draft assume the usual perpendicular
position. For safety reasons, you should practice
stopping the swing of a draft with an empty pallet.
At least two steadying lines should be attached to
heavy or unwieldy loads. These should be handled by
personnel in the hold until the load is hoisted above the
coaming, then passed simultaneously to personnel on
Hand signals to winch or crane operators by
Signalmen provide continuous communications. The
approved hand signals, shown in figure 4-23, are found
in the Naval Ships Technical Manual (NSTM). These
hand signals are used when you are conducting crane
operations afloat. Additional hand signals may be nec-
essary for specific commands; however, no signal used
should conflict with, or alter the meaning of, the hand
signals contained in the Naval Ships' Technical Manual.
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Define underway
replenishment (UNREP). Explain the various
equipment used during an underway
Underway replenishment (UNREP) is a broad term
applied to all methods of transferring fuel, munitions,
Figure 4-22.A typical winch.