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Charge Sheet,  DD Form 458 (front) - 14134_154
CHAPTER 6 PRETRIAL MATTERS Pretrial matters take on a significant importance to the successful completion of any trial by court-martial. For a case to go before a court-martial, certain pretrial matters must be accomplished. These pretrial matters extend not only to paper work but also to acts that must be taken care of before the trial. In this chapter we discuss the different types of pretrial matters. PRETRIAL PAPER WORK There are numerous situations in which you will play an important role such as the preparation of charge sheets,  pretrial  agreements,  grants  of  immunity, individual military counsel requests, witness requests, flyers,  findings  and  sentence  worksheets,  and  seating charts  for  members.  The  office  you  are  assigned  to depends  on  what  pretrial  items  you  will  prepare. However, there is no doubt that you will be involved in some aspect of pretrial paper work. CHARGE  SHEET One  of  your  most  important  pretrial  duties  is  the preparation of the Charge Sheet, DD Form 458, which is shown in figure 6-1.    You will most likely draft the charge(s)  and  specification(s),  particularly  if  there  is  no judge advocate available. Charges  and  Specifications The  officer  conducting  a  preliminary  inquiry  on  a serious offense usually completes the charge sheet and delivers it with the preliminary inquiry report. Then, if the  commanding  officer  (CO)  orders  a  pretrial investigation,  the  charge  sheet  is  available  for  the investigating  officer’s  use. You must prepare this formal written accusation, known as the charges and specifications, before any accused is tried. The  charge  lists,  by  number,  the  article  of  the Uniform  Code  of  Military  Justice  (UCMJ)  that  the accused has allegedly violated. The specification states specifically what the accused did or caused to violate the Code. The specification must allege all the elements of the   offense. The   specification   also   contains jurisdictional allegations. Jurisdictional allegations are the facts that show the court has jurisdiction over the accused and the offense. The specification further identifies the accused and gives the details that form the violation.  These  details  include  the  where,  when,  and how of the offense. Courts-martial  have  been  disapproved  on  review  by higher authority because of faulty or “fatally defective” specifications,  even  though  the  accused  has  been convicted.  The  Manual  for  Courts-Martial  (MCM) contains  forms  for  drafting  charges  and  specifications for most offenses. Do not alter these forms. NUMBERING  OF  CHARGES  AND  SPECI- FICATIONS.—   If there is only one charge, do not number it. If more than one charge exists, number each charge in order using Roman numerals I, II, and so on. Charges that are preferred after other charges have been preferred are called additional charges and are also numbered using Roman numerals. However, the word Additional  must appear in front of the word  Charge; for example, Charge I: Violation of the Uniform Code of Military  Justice,  Article  86;  Additional  Charge  I: Violation  of  the  Uniform  Code  of  Military  Justice, Article 86. In numbering specifications, use Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3, and so on. If there is only one specification under the  charge,  do  not  number  it.  Designate  the specifications under additional charges in the same manner as for regular specifications. Do not use the word Additional with the  specifications. DRAFTING OF CHARGES.—  The  charge  should be appropriate to all specifications under it, and is written: “Violation of the Uniform Code of Military Justice,  Article          ,”  giving the number of the article. DRAFTING   OF   SPECIFICATIONS.—   A specification should be brief but complete and must contain the following essential elements: l l l l s Rate  of  accused Name  of  accused Branch  of  service  of  accused Unit of accused Time of alleged offense based on a  24-hour clock 6-1

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