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Characterized  Separations - 14134_264
CHAPTER 9 ADMINISTRATIVE  SEPARATIONS As  an  LN  you  will  work  with  administrative separations  at  some  point  in  your  career.  Generally  the nuts and bolts of administrative separations are done at commands  other  than  naval  legal  service  offices (NLSOs).  However,  even  the  NLSOs  are  involved during  certain  aspects  of  the  processing  procedure.  As a senior LN resigned to an independent duty billet, you may not only be required to take care of all the paper work required for administrative discharge processing, you may also be assigned to act as the recorder. So, no matter  where  you  may  be  assigned  as  an  LN, administrative separations are just another dimension to your rating. Therefore, it is to your advantage to be very familiar   with   the   regulations   and   procedures   of administrative  separation  processing.  In  this  chapter you  will  be  given  a  general  working  knowledge  of  the regulations   and   procedures   of   administrative separations. However, it is advised that whenever you are  involved  in  administrative  separations,  review  all reference material as two cases are never the same. The policy of the Navy is to promote readiness by maintaining high standards of conduct and performance. To maintain these standards, it is necessary to provide a variety   of   means   for   the   orderly   and   timely administrative  separation  of  naval  personnel  to: make sure the Navy is served by individuals capable  of  meeting  required  standards  of  duty, performance,  and  discipline; maintain standards of performance and conduct through appropriate separation and characterization   of   service   that   stress   the traditional  concept  of  honorable  military  service; and achieve   authorized   force   levels   and   grade distribution. The  Navy  separation  policy  strengthens  the  concept that military service is a calling different from any civilian  occupation. When persons enter the naval service, the Navy invests  substantial  resources  in  their  training, equipment, and related expenses. Separation before completion of a period of obligated service represents a loss  of  that  investment  while  requiring  increased accessions. Conversely,  retaining  individuals  in  the naval service who will not or cannot conform to naval standards  of  conduct,  discipline,  and  performance creates  a  high  cost  in  terms  of  pay,  administrative  efforts, degradation  of  morale,  and  substandard  mission performance. Both situations represent an inefficient use of limited defense resources. We will use the terms discharge and separation  in discussing  the  termination  of  a  service  obligation. SECNAVINST 1910.4A defines these terms as follows: . Discharge—complete severance from all naval status gained by the enlistment or induction concerned. .  Separation—a  general  term  that  includes discharge, release from active duty, transfer to the Fleet Reserve  or  Retired  List,  release  from  custody  and control of the military services, transfer to the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR), and similar changes in active or reserve  status. TYPES OF ENLISTED ADMINISTRATIVE SEPARATIONS There are two types of separations given by the Armed  Forces  of  the  United  States  to  enlisted  service members: (1)   punitive   discharges   and   (2) administrative  separations. PUNITIVE DISCHARGES Punitive  discharges  are  authorized  punishments  of courts-martial. They  can  only  be  awarded  as  an approved  sentence  of  a  court-martial  following  a conviction  for  a  violation  of  the  Uniform   Code   of Military Justice (UCMJ). There are two types of punitive discharges. The first type is a dishonorable discharge (DD). A DD can only be adjudged by a general court-martial (GCM) and is a separation  under  dishonorable  conditions.  The  second type  of  punitive  discharge  is  a  bad-conduct  discharge (BCD). A BCD can be adjudged by either a GCM or a special  court-martial  (SPCM)  and  is  a  separation  under conditions  other  than  honorable. 9-1

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