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Pretrial Confinement - 14134_185
Legalman 3 & 2 - Navy Lawyer / Jag training guide manuals
Letter to Initial Rreview Officer
.  The  procedures  used  to  review  pretrial confinement Not later than 72 hours after ordering an accused into pretrial confinement, or after receipt of a report that a  member  of  a  commander’s  unit  or  organization  was confined,  the  commander  is  to  decide  whether  pretrial confinement will continue. The command is to direct the  accused’s  release  unless  it  believes  upon  probable cause; that is, upon reasonable grounds, that: .  an  offense  triable  by  court-martial committed, l  the  accused  committed  the  offense,  and l    confinement    is    necessary    because foreseeable that the accused will not appear at was it  is trial, pretrial hearing, or investigation, or the accused will engage in serious criminal misconduct, and less severe forms of restraint are inadequate. A person should not be confined as a mere matter of convenience or expedience. Some factors that should be considered are as follows: l l l l l l l The nature and circumstances of the offenses charged  or  suspected,  including  extenuating circumstances The weight of the evidence against the accused The accused’s ties to the locale, including family, off-duty employment, financial resources, and length of residence The accused’s character and mental condition The  accused’s  service  record,  including  any record  of  previous  misconduct The  accused’s  record  of  appearance  at  or  flight from other pretrial investigations, trials, and similar  proceedings The likelihood that the accused can and will commit further serious criminal misconduct if allowed to remain at liberty In determining if pretrial confinement is the proper form  of  restraint,  the  command  should  judge  the reliability  of  the  information  available.  Before  relying on  the  reports  of  others,  the  commander  must  have  a reasonable  belief  that  the  information  is  believable  and has a factual basis. The command can base a decision on  oral  or  written  information.  This  information  need not be under oath, but an oath may add to its reliability. The command may examine the accused’s personnel records,   police   records,   and   may   consider   the recommendation  of  others. Less  serious  forms  of restraint must always be considered before pretrial confinement   may   be   approved. Therefore,   the commander should consider whether the accused could be safely returned to his or her unit, at liberty or under restriction, arrest, or conditions on liberty. If  the  commander  approves  continued  pretrial confinement,   he   or   she   is   to   prepare   a   written memorandum justifying continued confinement. The memorandum may include hearsay and may incorporate by  reference  other  documents,  such  as  witnesses’ statements, investigative reports, or official records. The commander forwards this memorandum to the reviewing   officer. If  the  commander  had  prepared  a memorandum before ordering confinement, a second memorandum   need   not   be   prepared. However, information may be added to the memorandum at any time. CONFINEMENT  ORDER  AND  PRETRIAL CONFINEES.—   Most  brigs  have  their  own instructions on local requirements such as minimum seabag  needs,  visiting  hours,  and  release  times. Obtain  a  copy  of  the  local  instruction  for  further guidance. See also the  Navy  Corrections  Manual, SECNAVINST 1640.9, and OPNAVINST 1640.6 for all  brig  procedures. For  pretrial  confinees,  prepare  a  Confinement Order,  NAVPERS  1640/4.  The  procedures  for  the preparation of confinement orders are contained in chapter   8. The   only   difference   in   a   pretrial confinement order and a posttrial confinement order is that you will fill out the section titled Detained and not the section titled Confined as a Result Of. You also need to fill in the section Pretrial Confinement Necessary. You will normally need an original and three  copies. Check   the   local   requirements   to determine whether to send dental, medical, and pay records  to  the  brig. Have  the  accused’s  division officer  or  the  chief  master-at-arms  assist  the  accused in  obtaining  the  seabag  requirements  for  the  brig. Check local requirements to determine whether the brig  requires  TEMADD  orders.  Do  not  use  temporary duty  (TEMDU)  orders  for  pretrial  confinement.  Have the member escorted to the medical department for the confinement physical.  NOTE: The doctor must sign the  confinement  order. REVIEW OF PRETRIAL CONFINEMENT.— As  mentioned  previously,  after  the  member  is  confined, the CO must determine, within 72 hours, that continued confinement is warranted. The command should be 6-34

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