PROCESSING COMMANDThe parent command
to which a member is permanently assigned has
primary responsibility for administrative
PROVOKINGTending to incite, irritate, or enrage
PROXIMATE CAUSEThat which, in natural and
continuous sequence, unbroken by an efficient
intervening cause, produces a result, and without
which the result would not have occurred.
PROXIMATE RESULTA reasonably foreseeable
result ordinarily following from the lack of care
complained of, unbroken by any independent cause.
PUNITIVE ARTICLESArticles 78 and 80 through
134, UCMJ, that generally describe various crimes
and offenses and state how they may be punished.
PUNITIVE DISCHARGEA discharge imposed as
punishment by a court-martial, either a bad-conduct
discharge or a dishonorable discharge.
QUALIFIED COUNSELCounsel qualified under
Article 27(b), UCMJ, and who does not have any
direct responsibility for advising the convening
authority or separation authority on the proceedings
involving the respondent.
RAPEAn act of sexual intercourse with a female, not
the accuseds wife, done by force and without her
REAL EVIDENCEAny physical object offered into
evidence at trial.
RECESSA short period of time during which a trial
is not in progress.
RECKLESSNESSAn act or omission exhibiting a
culpable disregard for the foreseeable consequences
of that act or omission; a degree of carelessness
greater than simple negligence.
RECONSIDERATIONThe action of the convening
authority in returning the record of trial to the court
for renewed consideration of a ruling of the court
dismissing a specification on motion, where the
ruling of the court does not amount to a finding of
REFERRAL OF CHARGESThe action of a
convening authority in directing that a particular
case be tried by a particular court-martial previously
RELEASE FROM ACTIVE DUTYTermination of
active duty status and transfer or reversion to a
Reserve component not on active duty including
transfer to the Individual Ready Reserve.
RELEVANCYThat quality of evidence that renders
it properly applicable in proving or disproving any
matter in issues; a tendency in logic to prove or
disprove a fact that is in issue in the case.
REMEDIAL ACTIONAction taken by proper
reviewing authorities to correct an error or errors in
the proceedings or to offset the adverse impact of
REMISSIONAction by proper authority interrupting
the execution of a punishment and canceling out the
punishment remaining to be served, while not
restoring any right, privilege, or property already
affected by the executed portion of the punishment.
REPROACHFULCensuring, blaming, discrediting,
or disgracing of anothers life or character.
RESISTING APPREHENSIONAn active
resistance to the restraint attempted to be imposed
by the person apprehending.
RESPONDENTA member who has been notified
that action has been initiated to separate the
RESTRICTIONMoral restraint imposed as
punishment, or pretrial restraint upon a person by
oral or written orders limiting him or her to specified
areas of a military command, with the further
provision that he or she will participate in all
military duties and activities of his or her
organization while under such restriction.
REVISIONA procedure to correct an apparent error
or omission or improper or inconsistent action of a
court-martial with respect to a finding or a sentence.
SEARCHA quest for incriminating evidence.
SEIZURETo take possession of forcibly, to grasp, to
snatch, or to put into possession.
SELF-DEFENSEThe use of reasonable force to
defend oneself against immediate bodily harm
threatened by the unlawful act of another.
SELF-INCRIMINATIONThe giving of evidence
against oneself that tends to establish guilt of an
SENTENCEThe punishment awarded an accused
who is found guilty of an offense by a court-martial.
SEPARATIONA general term that includes
discharge, release from active duty, transfer to the