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Loss Caused by Military Personnel
Legalman 1 & C - Navy Lawyer / Jag training guide manuals
Measure of Damages - 14135_332
Excluded Classes of Claimants The  following  types  of  classes  of  claimants  are excluded from recovering under the FCA: .  Inhabitants  of  the  United  States,  including military members and dependents stationed in a foreign country and U.S. citizens and resident aliens temporarily visiting the foreign country . Enemy aliens, unless the claimant is determined to be friendly to the United States . Insurers and subrogee MEASURE  OF  DAMAGES Damages  under  the  FCA  are  determined  by applying the law and local standards of recovery of the country  where  the  incident  occurred. The  maximum  amount  payable  under  the  FCA  is $100,000. In the case of a meritorious claim above that amount,  the  Secretary  of  the  Navy  may  pay  up  to $100,000  and  certify  the  balance  to  Congress  for appropriation. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS The claim must be presented within 2 years after the claim  accrues.    If the claim is presented to a foreign government within this period, pursuant to treaty or executive   agreement   provisions,   the   statute   of limitations  requirement  will  be  satisfied. PROCEDURES Under the FCA, the investigation and adjudication functions are merged in a foreign claims commission that  the  commanding  officer  appoints.  The  foreign claims  commission  not  only  conducts  an  investigation similar to a JAG Manual investigation not requiring a hearing, but also is empowered to settle the claim within certain dollar limits. EXAMPLE Facts. USS Getunderway was making a goodwill visit to Alexandria, Egypt. EM3 Party went on liberty. Wanting to see as much of the countryside as he could, he hot-wired a car parked near the pier. Later that night, while  driving  extremely  fast,  high  on  hashish,  and carefully sipping his ouzo, EM3 Party smashed the car into a tree. The owner, Mr. Mycarbustad, an Egyptian citizen, wants to file a claim. Can he collect? Solution. Yes, Even though EM3 Party’s acts were not  in  the  scope  of  his  employment,  were  highly negligent,  and  involved  criminal  acts,  the  claim  is payable  under  the  FCA. ADMIRALTY CLAIMS Admiralty is a vast, highly specialized area of law. The purpose of this section is merely to provide a brief introduction to admiralty claims, with specific focus on the  command’s  responsibilities. ADMIRALTY   LAW   DEFINED Admiralty  law  involves  liability  arising  out  of maritime  incidents  such  as  collisions,  grounding,  and spills.  Admiralty  claims  may  be  asserted  either  against or  in  favor  of  the  federal  government.  The  Navy’s admiralty claims usually are handled by attorneys in the Admiralty Division of OJAG. Other judge advocates with specialized admiralty training are located at larger NLSOs  and  at  certain  overseas  commands.  When admiralty  claims  result  in  litigation,  attorneys  with  the Department   of   Justice,   in   cooperation   with   the Admiralty Division, represent the Navy in court. Thus, while  the  command  has  little  involvement  in  the adjudication  or  litigation  of  admiralty  claims,  it  often has  critical  investigative  responsibilities. STATUTORY AUTHORITY AND REFERENCES Suits  in  Admiralty  Act,  46  U.S.C.  §  741-752 (1982)—The Suits in Admiralty Act provides that a suit in  admiralty  may  be  brought  against  the  federal government  in  all  circumstances  under  which  an admiralt y suit could be brought against a private party or  vessel. Public   Vessels   Act,   46   U.S.C.   §   781-790 (1982)—The Public Vessels Act supplements the Suits in Admiralty Act and provides for admiralty remedies in cases involving naval vessels. 10 U.S.C. § 7623 (1982)—Section 7623 of Title 10, U.S.C.,  provides  for  settlement  of  claims  by  the government against private parties and vessels. JAG Manual— Chapter XII of the JAG Manual prescribes the Navy’s regulations governing reporting, investigation, and adjudication of admiralty claims for and against the government. . 12-23 ,

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