Fleet Reserve or Retired List, release from custody
and control of the military services, transfer to the
Individual Ready Reserve, and similar changes in
active or Reserve status.
SEPARATION AUTHORITYChief of Naval
Personnel is authorized to take final action with
respect to the specified types of separation, or any
officer so designated by the Chief of Naval
Operations. The Secretary of the Navy is separation
authority for release from active duty of member of
the Reserve components who are within 2 years of
eligibility for retirement or retainer pay. The
separation authority for active duty members being
involuntarily separated who have 18 years or more
service is the Chief of Naval Operations.
SERIOUS OFFENSEOffenses under the UCMJ for
which a punitive discharge is authorized by the
Manual for Courts-Martial.
SET ASIDEAction by proper authority voiding the
proceedings and the punishment awarded and
restoring all rights, privileges, and property lost by
virtue of the punishment imposed.
SIMPLE NEGLIGENCEThe absence of due care;
for example, an actor omission by a person who is
under a duty to use due care that exhibits a lack of
that degree of care for the safety of others that a
reasonably prudent man would have exercised
under the same or similar circumstances.
SLIP LAWThe first officially published form of
congressional legislation. The main purpose of a
slip law publication is speed. Slip law is normally
available long before bound volumes containing the
legislation are published and disseminated.
SOLICITATIONAny statement, oral or written, or
any other act or conduct, either directly or through
others, that may reasonably be construed as a
serious request or advice to commit a criminal
SPECIAL COURT-MARTIALThe intermediate of
the three types of court-martial.
SPECIFICATIONA formal statement of specific
acts and circumstances relied upon as constituting
the offense charged.
SPONTANEOUS EXCLAIMATIONAn utterance
concerning the circumstances of a startling event
made by a person while he or she was in such a
condition of excitement, shock, or surprise, caused
by his or her participation in or observation of the
event, as to warrant a reasonable inference that he
or she made the utterance as an impulsive and
instinctive outcome of the event, and not as a result
of deliberation or design.
STAFF JUDGE ADVOCATEA certified military
lawyer attached to the staff of a convening or
supervisory authority who exercises general
STATUTE OF LIMITATIONSThe rule of law that,
unless waived, establishes the time within which an
accused must be charged with an offense to be tried
STIPULATIONAn agreement between the trial and
defense counsel, to which the accused agrees, as to
the existence or nonexistence of any fact or the
content of the testimony that an absent witness
would give if he or she were present in the
STRAGGLETo wander away, to rove, to stray, to
become separated from, or to lag or linger behind.
STRIKETo deliver a blow with anything by which a
blow can be given.
SUBPOENAA formal written instrument or legal
process that serves to summon a witness to appear
before a certain tribunal and to give testimony.
SUBPOENA DUCES TECUMA formal written
instrument or legal process that commands a
witness who has in his or her possession or control
some documents or evidentiary object that is
pertinent to the issues of a pending controversy to
produce it before a certain tribunal.
SUBSCRIBETo write ones signature on a written
instrument as an indication of consent, approval, or
SUBSTANTIVE LAWThat portion of the body of
law that contains rights and duties and regulation of
SUMMARY COURT-MARTIALThe lowest of the
three types of court-martial.
SUPERIOR COMMISSIONED OFFICERA
commissioned officer who is superior in rank or
SUPERVISORY AUTHORITYAn officer
exercising general court-martial jurisdiction who
acts as reviewing authority for SCM and SPCM
records after the convening authority has acted.