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Figure 14-15.óRight and wrong ways to stack boxes.
Storekeeper 3 & 2 - Manual for watching over inventory and other things needed in a store
Shipment of Personal Effects
the line back and forth two or three times. Lash boxes tight  against  something  solid,  such  as  a  bulkhead. When this is not possible, place planks or dunnage across  two  or  more  stanchions  or  beams  and  lash  the box  against  them. Do  not  tie  lashings  to  electric  cables  small  or lagged  pipes,  door  or  hatch  dogs  or  hinges,  electric motors, lifeline stanchions, or to anything not firmly secured. IDENTIFICATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Hazardous chemicals and materials used by the Navy are identified as Military Standard (MIL-STD) symbols. The symbols are listed in HMIS and are for stowage  and  materials-handling  operations  only.  The type of symbols used is determined by the material involved. Stowing Hazardous Materials Requirements  for  stowage  of  industrial  chemicals and  materials  are  provided  by  the  assignment  of stowage  codes.  These  codes  are  listed  in  HMIS. DECK CARGO It may be necessary to stow some cargo on deck because of its nature, size, or shape. This cargo may include   flammables,   bottled   gases,   acid,   heavy machinery,   and   vehicles.   Considerable   care   and planning are necessary in securing this cargo to provide for the safety of personnel and the ship and the security of the cargo. Cargo must be located so that vents, firefighting equipment, bitts, chocks, and sounding tubes are not blocked off. It may be helpful to measure and mark off stowage locations with chalk prior to loading. Cargo must  be  properly  secured  to  prevent  shifting  because  of pitching or rolling of the ship. To accomplish this, it is often necessary to weld padeyes or braces to the deck. Deck  cargo  is  normally  stowed  by  Boatswain’s Mates. When it is necessary for you to stow cargo on deck, make sure that the cargo is adequately protected against the weather, sea, and motion of the ship, and that personnel and the ship are protected against injury or damage by the cargo. SAFETY Accidents are costly in human life and property damage.   The   Storekeeper   should   observe   safety precautions and make sure that all personnel working under your supervision observe safety precautions at all times.  The  hoisting  and  handling  of  heavy  stores,  the handling of powerdriven equipment, and the storing of acids and material subject to for and explosion are all dangerous tasks. Proper safety precautions must be rigidly   observed   to   prevent   accidents.   Always remember  “Accidents  do  not  just  happen;  they  are caused.” Among the more common types of accidents encountered in the handling of stores are personnel being hit or thrown, or slipping and falling. These are discussed in the following paragraphs. BEING  HIT  OR  THROWN Personnel may be hit or thrown due to any of the following: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Defective   equipment.   Worn   or   defective equipment  should  be  reported  immediately upon  detection.  Temporary  repairs  to  items such as chains and slings must not be made with wire. Thrown or tipped objects. Personnel must not be  allowed  to  throw  objects  such  as  blocks, crowbars, and chain slings from the hangar deck down  into  storerooms.  Personnel  working  aloft should be cautioned not to drop tools or objects to the deck below. Improperly   assembled   drafts.   Cargo   nets should  never  be  loaded  in  such  a  manner  that items are likely to fall out or be crushed during hoisting. Not  standing  clear.  The  words  “stand  clear” should be passed when cargo or hoisting gear is being lowered into a hatch or from the hangar deck to the pier. Personnel in storerooms should go forward or aft of the hatch opening when cargo  is  being  lowered. Improper landing. Cargo should be guided to a safe landing after being stopped about 1 foot above the deck. Loads stopped overhead. If loads being hoisted must  be  stopped  before  being  lowered,  they should be stopped over the weather deck never over   open   hatches   or   over   the   heads   of personnel. 14-21

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