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Effective Instructor Delivery Techniques - 14300_48
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Force
reading  selection  again  but  force  yourself  to  use  a  faster  rate  of  speech  to  cut  down  the  total playback   time. Fast,   machine-gun   delivery.   Curb  your  impatience  to  blurt  out  ideas.  Take  time  to  make them  clear.  Force  yourself  to  slow  down.  Recognize  the  listeners’  need  to  absorb  ideas;  give them  time  to  do  so  by  saying  words  clearly  and  by  pausing  longer  between  ideas.  Read  aloud, observing  the  marks  of  punctuation.  Express  the  meaning  of  the  words  carefully  at  the  rate  that fits   your   interpretation.   Taking   care   to   enunciate   more   precisely   will   generally   slow   your   rate. Halting,  choppy  rate.  Concentrate  on  speaking  complete  ideas  or  sentences.  Take  a  deep breath  before  you  begin  a  sentence;  breathe  between,  not  in  the  middle  of,  ideas  or  phrases. Sometimes  a  choppy  rate  results  from  tenseness,  nervousness,  or  lack  of  familiarity  with  the subject  matter. Pauses.   In  writing,  punctuation  marks  separate  thoughts  and  ideas  and  give  the  desired meaning  and  emphasis  to  words.  In  speaking,  pauses  serve  the  same  functions  to  a  large  degree. You  may  use  pauses  to  gain  humorous,  dramatic,  or  thought-provoking  effects.  Use  them  as a  vocal  means  of  punctuating  for  effect.  Proper  use  of  pauses  gives  listeners  a  chance  to  absorb ideas  and  gives  the  speaker  a  chance  to  breathe  and  concentrate  on  the  next  point.  Pauses  also give  emphasis,  meaning,  and  interpretation  to  ideas. The   following   suggestions   will   help   you   overcome   common   pausing   difficulties: Not   enough   pauses.   Begin  by  reading  aloud  something  that  you  like.  Force  yourself  to pause   between   ideas   and   at   periods,   commas,   and   other   punctuation   marks.   Try   to   adopt   the attitude  of  the  artist  who  makes  a  few  brush  strokes  and  then  steps  back  to  evaluate  the  results. Too   many   pauses. A   lack   of   knowledge   of   the   subject,   failure   to   organize   material thoroughly,  or  inadequate  rehearsals  usually  result  in  too  many  pauses  in  the  speaker’s  delivery. Study  your  material  and  organize  it  on  paper.  Then  rehearse  until  your  thoughts  and  words flow   smoothly.   Thorough   familiarity   with   the   subject   matter   increases   verbal   fluency. Overuse   of   verbal   connectors.   Pauses,  properly  placed  in  the  flow  of  speech,  are  often more   effective   than   words.   Filling   pauses   with   meaningless,   guttural   sounds   gives   listeners   the impression   that   you   are   not   confident   of   what   you   are   saying,   and   that   you   are   not   prepared to  speak  to  them. Too  many  “uhs”  and  “ahs”  may  be  detrimental  to  an  otherwise  effective lesson   presentation. To   improve   on   this   difficulty,   use   the   same   techniques   suggested   for eliminating  too  many  pauses  and  leave  out  the  “uhs”  and  “ahs.” Inflection Inflection  is  a  change  in  the  normal  pitch  or  tone  of  the  speaker’s  voice.  Just  as  musical  notes become  melody  when  arranged  in  different  relative  positions  on  the  musical  scale,  your  voice becomes  more  interesting  and  words  more  meaningful  when  you  use  changes  in  pitch.  Using inflection  can  increase  the  emphasis  on  certain  words. 37

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