However, for the students who have tasted neither, the comparison would have no meaning.
To prevent that problem, determine student experience level before you prepare your lesson.
Then check for understanding as you use examples and analogies with your explanations.
Overuse Of Abstractions
Abstractions are concepts, ideas, or words that are not directly related to the subject being
discussed. To avoid confusion you should speak in concrete terms--be specific. Be aware of the
background and experience level of your students and use appropriate terms and examples.
Remember, you will normally have more experience in the subject matter than any of your
students, so you have the responsibility of ensuring understanding. This requires that you not
only present the information, but also that you check to ensure the students understand exactly
what you intended.
Fear may be one of the greatest barriers to effective communication. The fear of showing
ignorance, fear of disapproval, fear of losing status, and fear of judgment are common barriers.
Many times, students will have anxieties or fears about their abilities. Students may hesitate to
take part in your discussions because they have a lack of confidence and are afraid they will
appear ignorant. That, in turn, brings about a fear of judgment and a fear of losing status in
front of their peers.
Try to understand your students fears. Provide a threat-free learning environment by being
encouraging and nonjudgmental of the students. Remember how long it took you to learn your
subject matter. Take the time to recognize the individual differences in your students so that
you will know how to motivate them.
Since you have control of the class, you must direct the class energy in a positive direction.
Do not allow fellow students to make fun of or exhibit disapproval of a struggling student.
Avoid embarrassing any of your students or offending human values. Follow the basic principle
of motivation by giving them positive feedback.
Environmental factors such as noise and temperature may interfere with the communication
process. Obviously, noise is a barrier to hearing what is being said. If students are overly hot
or cold it may be difficult from them to listen attentively. However, more subtle factors may
also affect the communication process. The color of the walls, uncomfortable seats, the location
of pictures or illustrations, and the arrangement of students in relation to the instructor may all
become barriers to effective communication.
You should constantly strive to identify and eliminate barriers to effective communication.
Some will be obvious while others maybe very difficult to detect. Your awareness of barriers,
along with a knowledge of the communication process, will assist you in communicating