make associations, and discover the answer to their own questions.
Example: The student asks,
Why did the Chief give that order? The instructor might
respond, If you were in the same situation, what order would you have given?
n Use a redirected question to increase class involvement and provide recognition for
students answering questions.
A redirected question occurs when you assign a question
asked by one student to another member of the class for answering. Note: Never use this
technique unless you know the answer and believe the student to whom you redirect the
question also knows the answer.
n Use the technique of refocusing when you want the student to relate a correct answer to
another topic. This technique helps students to consider the implications of their response
within a broader framework by noting relationships with other topics studied.
S U M M A R Y
As an instructor, you give an impression to your class from your appearance, speech, habits,
questions, and overall manner every time you present a lesson. This impression has a strong
impact on the learning process.
You must be an enthusiastic, positive motivator in your
classroom. You control the energy and dynamics of the learning process. Remembering and
applying effective communication and oral questioning techniques will improve your
presentations and assist your students in learning the material.