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Postal Clerk - Military guide to working in a post office
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Kinds of Stamps
CHAPTER 8 POSTAL FINANCE As a military postal clerk, one of your jobs may be that of a window clerk. About 70 percent of all window transactions  involve  the  sale  of  stamps  or  postal stationery items.  Before you can perform duties as a window  clerk,  you  must  be  issued  a  stamp  stock, commonly referred to as a fixed credit account.   Did you ever stop to think how stamps are obtained or the purpose of the stamps?   The postage stamps that are affixed  to  an  article  indicate  that  the  charge  for handling, transporting, delivering the article, and fees for  special  services  (if  selected  by  the  mailer)  have been prepaid.   In this chapter you will learn how to order  stamps  for  a  fixed  credit  account  from  the custodian of postal effects (COPE), the Navy Postal Finance  Office  (NPFO),  or  a  postal  finance  office (PFO) overseas.   You will also learn how to properly account for the stamps. Additionally, you will learn the fundamentals of the money order imprinter, postage meter machine and the integrated retail terminal (IRT). As a window clerk assigned to a post office aboard a large ship or at an overseas naval activity, you may be required to operate each of these types of equipment. POSTAGE STAMPS AND STAMPED PAPER Learning Objective:  Identify and validate the forms of issue for postage stamps. Postage  stamps  and  stamped  paper  are  often referred to as stamp stock.  In this next section, we will discuss the validity of stamps, forms of issue, types of postal stationery, and the care and protection required for stamp stock and postal monies. VALIDITY OF STAMPS Any  uncanceled  postage  stamps  issued  by  the United States since 1860 may be used for postage.  All valid  United  States  postage  stamps  are  good  for postage from any point in the United States or from any other  place  where  the  United  States  domestic  mail service operates.  The following stamps may NOT be used for postage:    Mutilated or defaced stamps    Stamps   cut   from   stamped   envelopes, aerogrammes, or stamped cards    Stamps covered or coated in such a manner that the  canceling  or  defacing  marks  cannot  be imprinted directly on the stamps    Nonpostage stamps (migratory-bird hunting and conservation  stamps,  U.S.  savings  and  thrift stamps, and so forth)    Postage due, special delivery, special handling, and certified mail stamps    United Nations stamps unless on mail deposited at the United Nations, NY    Stamps of other countries    Stamps  on  which  any  unauthorized  design, message, or other marking has been overprinted Matter  bearing  imitations  of  postage  stamps,  in adhesive  or  printed  form,  or  private  seals  or  stickers that are similar to a postage stamp in design, should not be  accepted  for  mailing.   However,  seals  or  stickers that do not imitate postage stamps may be attached to other than the address side of mail. FORMS OF ISSUE Adhesive  postage  stamps  are  available  in  four different forms: single, sheets, books, and coils.  At the time  of  purchase,  if  the  customer  does  not  specify  a form  of  issue,  you  should  ask  the  customer  which preference  is  desired.   A  discussion  of  the  available forms follows. Single Single  stamps  are  separated  from  a  sheet  of stamps, and they can be sold in any number up to a full sheet. 8-1

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