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Table 3-2.—Markings that may be placed on articles by customers
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Postal Clerk - Military guide to working in a post office
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APO/FPO Addresses (Overseas Activities)
parcels accepted for mailing.  Extraneous information such as order numbers, which can be confused with ZIP Codes, are not permitted next to or immediately under the last line of the address. Q3-7. Name   at   least   four   types   of   acceptable cushioning materials that may be used when a parcel is prepared for mailing. Q3-8. What two types of tape are NOT acceptable for   the   reinforcement   or   the   closure   of packages? Q3-9. What type of tape is widely used for closing and sealing packages, but is not adequate for reinforcement? Q3-10.   What  is  the  requirement  of  metal  straps  if metal  strapping  is  used  for  closing  or  the reinforcement of packages? Q-3-11.   When   an   easy   or   average   load   parcel   is prepared  for  mailing,  staples  may  be  used provided the staples are spaced at least what maximum distance apart? Q3-12.   At what maximum distance should markings on   packages   be   clearly   seen   by   postal personnel? Now turn to appendix 1 to check your answers. THE ZIP CODE SYSTEM Learning Objective: Learn the breakdown and assignment of ZIP Codes. Earlier  in  chapter  1  we  discussed  the  National Five-Digit ZIP Code and Post Office Directory.  Now let’s take a look at the ZIP Code system and what it means to the Military Postal Service. ZIP  Codes  enable  the  USPS  to  achieve  greater accuracy, speed, and economy in the processing and delivery of mail. As a military postal clerk, you can do your customers a service by encouraging them to use their correct ZIP Code in the return address of all mail. If a ZIP Code is used as a part of the return address, the person(s)  to  whom  they  are  writing  will  have  their correct ZIP Code when replying.  ZIP coded mail can be  processed  quickly  by  automated  equipment, whereas  all  non-ZIP  coded  mail  must  be  processed manually upon initial entry into the USPS channels.  If the mail is ZIP coded, the result is fewer handlings and faster, more accurate delivery.  Thus, using ZIP Codes provides your customers with better service. ZIP CODE DESCRIPTION The  ZIP  (zone  improvement  plan)  Code  is  a numerical code that identifies areas within the United States and its territories for purposes of simplifying the distribution of mail by both the military and USPS. The first digit of the ZIP Code divides the country into 10 large groups of states numbered from 0 in the North East to 9 in the Far West. Within these areas, each state is divided into an average of 10 smaller geographic areas identified by the second and third digits of the ZIP Code.  The fourth and fifth digits identify a local delivery area.  The four-digit add-on enables a further sortation within the local delivery office. The first two digits of the four-digit add-on denote a delivery sector for the mail carrier that will make the actual delivery. This sector may be several blocks, a group of streets, several office buildings, or even a small geographic area.    The  last  two  digits  of  the  four-digit  add-on denotes a delivery segment that might be one floor of an office building, one side of street, a firm, a suite, a post  office  box,  a  group  of  boxes,  or  other  specific geographic  location.    See  figures  3-6  and  3-7  for examples of a breakdown of a ZIP Code. SHIPS’ ZIP CODES All ships are assigned their own unique ZIP + 4 code.    This  ZIP code  policy  includes  the  following ships: U.S. Navy ships, both active and reserve U.S. Coast Guard Military Sealift Command National     Oceanic     and     Atmospheric Administration Ships  are  assigned  ZIP  Codes  based  on  their number  of  crewmembers  and/or  their  geographic location. All ships receive their mail through one of three gateways.  Their assigned FPO address depends on the homeport of the ship.   Ships homeported on the East Coast (Atlantic Fleet) are assigned an FPO address of AE (Europe) or AA (Americas), with Charleston, SC, as the dividing point.   All ships homeported south of Charleston, SC are assigned an FPO AA address.  All 3-7

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