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Page Title: Chapter 10 - Traffic Safety
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CHAPTER  10 TRAFFIC SAFETY For  many  years,  motor  vehicle  mishaps  have accounted for a majority of the accidental deaths of Navy personnel. From 1982 through 1992, 2, 266 sailors died in motor vehicle mishaps. Many others suffered injuries that prevented them from returning to the work force. The Navy’s operational readiness depends upon its people.  Motor  vehicle  mishaps  are  degrading  this readiness  through  needless  deaths  and  injuries.  To combat this problem, the Navy established the Navy Traffic  Safety  Program.  This  program  defines  the  safety precautions, regulations, and laws governing the use of all vehicles by Navy people, both on and off duty. In this chapter, we address the following areas of the Navy Traffic Safety Program: Program applicability Program  enforcement Safety  belts Child  safety  seats Driver  education Alcohol Pedestrians Portable  headphones Motorcycles NAVY  TRAFFIC  SAFETY  PROGRAM The Navy Traffic Safety Program defines motor vehicles  as  wheeled  vehicles  designed  for  travel  on public roads under motor power or assisted by motor power.   Vehicles   include   automobiles,   trucks, motorcycles, mopeds, and all-terrain vehicles. Navy personnel may operate motor vehicles that they or the government  own,  lease,  rent,  or  control.  The  Navy Traffic  Safety  Program  applies  to  all  naval  bases, stations,  facilities,  installations,  detachments,  and  all other property under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Navy. Every   command,   including   forces   afloat,   must designate,  in  writing,  a  traffic  safety  program  manager. Department of Defense (DOD) and Navy motor vehicles must conform to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.  Tactical  and  combat  vehicles  must  closely conform to federal motor carrier safety regulations. Each naval installation must strive to meet the highway safety program standards (HSPS) outlined in  Issuance of  Navy  Traffic  Safety  Program,  OPNAVINST 5100.12F.  These  standards  include  marking  hazards, setting  safe  speed  limits,  adopting  laws,  and  ensuring that drivers are licensed. PROGRAM   APPLICABILITY The Navy Traffic Safety Program applies to the following  motor  vehicle  operators,  passengers,  and pedestrians: All Navy military personnel (on or off base and on or off duty) All Navy civilian personnel in a duty status, on or off base All people in, or on any Navy motor vehicle, on or off base All people on a naval base, anytime Even when driving an off-road motorcycle while off duty,  personnel  must  obey  applicable  requirements  of the Navy Traffic Safety Program. PROGRAM ENFORCEMENT Noncompliance  with  certain  parts  of  the  Navy Traffic Safety Program can result in a court martial under the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). It can also result in nonjudicial punishment (NJP) for military  people  involved  in  minor  violations. Noncompliance by civilian employees may result in disciplinary  action. If you receive an injury because you violate a Navy Traffic  Safety  Program  regulation,  the  violation  may  be considered  in  determining  the  compensation  to  which you  may  be  entitled.  For  example,  if  you  have  an accident while driving a friend’s motorcycle without wearing the required protective equipment (an approved helmet,  proper  shoes,  etc.)  or  before  attending  the motorcycle safety course, the Navy may not pay your medical bills. If you die, your family may not receive all  of  your  death  benefits. 10-1

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