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Page Title: Ordnance Mishap Prevention
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supervision  and  management  of  the  Naval  Explosives Safety  Program. All   commands   having   custody   of   explosive materials must make sure only qualified personnel handle  those  materials.  Commands  must  submit  reports of  explosives  mishaps.  We  discuss  both  the  certification program  and  explosives  mishap  reporting  later  in  the chapter. ORDNANCE  MISHAP  PREVENTION Improper  processing,  handling,  loading,  and  testing of explosive devices have, in the past, caused mishaps. These mishaps resulted in injury, loss of life, or damage to property. They also reduced the working effectiveness of both fleet and shore activities. Personnel error is the major cause of mishaps with explosive  devices.  Analysis  of  mishaps  caused  by personnel error shows that the most common reasons for their occurrence are as follows: Lack of training Improper   procedures Improper   handling Lack  of  proper  supervision Inattention Complacency THE SAFETY SUPERVISOR’S ORDNANCE SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES As  an  ordnance  safety  supervisor,  you  must  be familiar with current directives in ordnance safety, such as Ammunition and Explosives Ashore, NAVSEA OP 5, and  Ammunition  Afloat,  NAVSEA  OP  4.  You  also should know the type and classification of ordnance within  your  command  or  activity.  In  addition,  you should  know  the  specific  hazards  the  various  types  of ordnance pose. Personnel supervising the use, care, inspection,  handling,  preparation,  or  routine  disposal (excluding  explosive  ordnance  disposal  operations)  of ammunition   and   explosives   must   adhere   to   the following   guidelines: 1.  Be  qualified  and  certified  as  required  by OPNAVINST  8023.2C  and  supplemental regulations. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Make sure personnel obey all regulations and instructions;  remain  vigilant  throughout  the operation;  and  strictly  prohibit  horseplay. Carefully instruct and frequently warn person- nel under them of the need for care and constant vigilance. Brief working parties on related safety instruc- tions before they begin an operation. Know the hazards of fire, explosion, and other catastro- phes that the safety regulations should prevent. Be alert to detect any hazardous procedures or practices. Know the symptoms of a deterio- rating  mental  attitude  of  certified  personnel, and take immediate corrective action upon detecting such symptoms. Make  sure  subordinates  are  qualified  and certified to perform the job assigned to them. Make sure their certification is current. Report those  personnel  who  are  not  qualified  for  their assigned  work  to  their  immediate  superior. Enforce orders about the maximum number of personnel  pemitted  in  the  hazard  area. Permit the use of only authorized tools and handling equipment for the operations. Make sure  personnel  use  them  in  the  manner specified  by  standard  operating  procedures, Keep the area clean; prevent the blocking of safety exits, aisles, and accesses to fire-fighting equipment. Enforce compliance with safety regulations that concern protective clothing and equip- ment. That includes inspecting; maintaining; or replacing,  if  necessary,  goggles,  gloves,  respi- rators,  aprons,  and  other  personal  protective equipment. Instruct personnel on the purpose and use of protective equipment before they engage in an operation requiring its use. Before leaving at the end of a work day, make sure all conditions in the work area are safe. Inform  the  immediate  supervisor  of  any  area needing lights, guards, safety appliances, or repairs. Report in writing to the commanding officer any requests, suggestions, or comments about safety  standards. 9-3

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