Equipment should be free of all unauthorized
Spilled gasoline should be cleaned up before
starting an engine. If flushing is not possible or
practical, the approved absorbent material
should be used. Metal shovel, metal grid, or
other spark-producing tools should not be used
in this process. When more than a pint of
gasoline has been spilled, a person should stand
by with a the extinguisher while the spill is
A machine which is improperly loaded or which
is not in a safe mechanical condition should not
The engine should be stopped and brakes set
before the operator leaves the machine.
Only licensed operators should be permitted to
Suitable fire-extinguishing equipment should be
available at all times.
A truck or trailer should not be unloaded unless
it is blocked.
Floorload capacity should not be exceeded.
Equipment should not be operated in excess of
the maximum speed limitations.
Stacks should not be bumped nor pushed with
Forklift truckss should travel with forks elevated
approximately 4 inches above the floor and be
parked with the forks resting on the floor.
Personnel should not be permitted to stand under
loads being hoisted or lowered, nor be allowed
to ride on equipment.
Personnel may be hoisted with a forklift only
when authorized and then only when a safety
pallet is used.
The load capacity should be prominently
stenciled on a forklift truck; do not overload.
Do not load a forklift truck while it is in motion.
Tilt the mast back when transporting a load by
Drive forward when transporting a load up a
ramp and in reverse when going down a ramp.
The following paragraphs discuss causes of
accidents, some specific danger areas, supervisory
responsibility, and provide a checklist of safety
CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS
Primarily, accidents are caused by people.
Equipment may be involved, but people handle the
equipment. Most accidents are the result of
Some locations are potential danger spots. The lack
of alertness may cause accidents resulting in injury or
death. People working on piers, weather decks, and in
the ships hold must be constantly on the alert for
moving or falling objects. As personnel become
familiar with a job, they may try to take shortcuts;
which place themselves and others in danger. Fatigue
is another cause of carelessness. As people tire, they
are less alert and more likely to cause an accident.
Unless personnel are indoctrinated and experienced
in handling a particular piece of equipment, they should
not be allowed to use it except under close supervision.
Persons who operate cranes, capstans, winches,
windlasses and other deck equipment must first get
authority from the first lieutenant. A person may know
how to drive a forklift, but may not be fully aware of
the safety precautions that should be observed while
operating it. Operating materials-handling equipment
is not the only way that inexperienced personnel may
cause accidents. A person working as a cargo handler
for the first time may not be aware of the dangers
involved. A minor mistake such as an improperly
loaded cargo net may result in injury to the operator or
Some people work around dangerous machinery or
equipment, explosives, acids, electrical equipment
They take necessary safety
precautions. Others, however, working around
dangerous objects or in dangerous work become
overfamiliar with the dangers.
They have a tendency to slack off in the practice of
safety. The adage there are old electricians and bold