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Danger Areas - 14242_224
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Safe Cargo-Handling Practices
Removed   Handrails—When   handrails   are removed  to  load  cargo  or  for  other  reasons,  the working  area  should  be  roped  off  to  prevent personnel from falling over the side. Ladders—Ladders in the square of the hatch should not be used when cargo is being lowered or  hoisted  in  the  hold.  Much  care  must  be exercised  when  using  these  ladders.  Particularly when  hatchboards  from  several  decks  have  been removed.  Stairway-type  ladders  should  be  used when  they  are  available. Slippery  Decks—Oil,  grease,  ice,  or  any  slippery material on the deck or pier should be removed immediately  or  covered  with  sand,  cinders, sawdust,  or  other  suitable  antislip  material. Improper   Lighting—When   concealment   is unimportant floodlights should be provided at night on the weather deck, overside, and in cargo holds.   Flashlights   should   be   available   for emergencies.   When   entering   unlighted compartments,  personnel  should  carry  portable safety  lights. Asphyxia and Poisoning—During some cargo handling  or  related  operations,  asphyxia  or poisoning may result from: (1) lack of oxygen, (2) poisonous gases or fumes, or (3) exposing skin   or   eyes   to   or   swallowing   petroleum products.   (Some   vapors   may   be   swallowed without   the   knowledge   of   the   victim.)   An individual   showing   signs   of   asphyxia   or poisoning  should  receive  immediate  medical attention   and   the   cargo   officer   should   be notified. The space should be inspected before work  is  continued. Lifting Cases—There is a right and a wrong way Figure 13-31.-Manual lifting. of  picking  up  heavy  cases  of  material.  The correct   method   of   lifting   heavy   objects   is illustrated in figure 13-31. Individuals stand close to the load, with their feet slightly apart and solidly  placed.  With  knees  bent,  they  grasp  the object firmly and lift it by straightening their legs, keeping the back as vertical as possible. When  lifting  from  an  elevated  position,  keep  the object  close  to  the  body. The square of the hatch should be kept clear and free of debris. Place a solid, level floor of dunnage on top of stowed cargo, when it is needed, to provide sound footing for hold workers or a safe landing area for cargo coming in. Persons in the hold must stand clear of the hatch when a draft is overhead—cargo being hoisted from or lowered into the hold. The hold crew should take cover either fore or aft of the square of the hatch. When a draft is lowered into a hold, it should be stopped   approximately   1   foot   above   its   intended landing  spot.  After  the  draft  has  been  stopped,  the  hold crew should then come from under the deck and guide the  draft  to  the  desired  landing  area  Slings  or  bridles are  easily  removed  from  drafts  by  four  crewmen working  in  pairs.  The  slings  or  bridles  should  be steadied before being hoisted out of the hold. If they are permitted to swing widely during hoisting, they may become entangled in hull fittings or cargo and cause damage   to   the   equipment   or   cargo   or   injury   to personnel. You can safely handle small cases on a horizontal conveyor described earlier. For some cargo, you may even  substitute  finished  lumber  or  waxed  dunnage  for conveyors.  If  waking  space  permits,  pallet  trucks, pallet jacks,  handtrucks, or dollies may be used to move cargo to the storage location. SUPERVISORY     RESPONSIBILITY If   you   are   in   charge   of   a   working   party   or cargo-handling  crew,  their  safety  and  proper  cargo handling are your responsibility. To prevent injuries to personnel and damage to cargo and ship, all safety precautions must be observed and enforced. Danger is ever  present  during  the  handling  of  any  cargo  aboard ship. Through minor accidents or improper handling, cargo-handling  equipment  or  the  cargo  itself  may 13-17

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